+John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York. . Clement VIII died in his seventieth years after a pontificate of thirteen years. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Gerald Rossi. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. "Pope Clement VIII." On 17 Feb., 1600, the apostate Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake on the Piazza dei Fiori. In 1598 Clement incorporated the duchy of Ferrara into the Papal States, which by 1605 had become consolidated and provided the economic support of the papacy. VIII (Rome, 1723); VON RANKE, The Roman Popes in the Last Four Centuries (1834-37); PELESZ, Gesch. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. In 1595 was held the Synod of Brest, in Lithuania, by which a great part of the Ruthenian clergy and people were reunited to Rome (Likowski, Union zu Brest, 1094). He abjured Calvinism 25 July, 1593. Pope Clement VIII (1536–1592). Ippolito Aldobrandini was born on February 24, 1536, in Fano, Marche. He did not even spare the youthful patricide Beatrice Cenci, over whom so many tears have been shed. Birthplace: Fano, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. Vita Clem. Ecclesiastical approbation. Transcription. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04027a.htm. Nihil Obstat. VIII in LABBE AND COSSART, Coll. On March 3, 1605, Clement was sent to St. Peter and replaced by Pope Leo XI. Rome 1600: The City and the Visual Arts under Clement VIII. Conc., XXI, 1323; WADDING, Vita Clem. Clement XIII (July 6, 1758 – February 2, 1769) Benedict XIV (August 17, 1740 – May 3, 1758) Clement XII (July 12, 1730 – February 6, 1740) Clement XI (November 23, 1700 – March 19, 1721) Innocent XI (September 21, 1676 – August 12, 1689) Alexander VII (April 7, 1655 to May 22, 1667) Clement VIII (January 30, 1592 – March 5, 1605) Pope Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. Through the generosity of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, the future Pope Paul III, he studied law at Padua, Perugia and Bologna. His remains repose in Santa Maria Maggiore, where the Borghesi, who succeed the Aldobrandini in the female line, erected a gorgeous monument to his memory. The holder of numerous church offices, he was made cardinal in 1585 by Pope Sixtus V and elected pope as Clement VIII on Jan. 30, 1592. He was as merciless as Sixtus V in crushing out brigandage and in punishing the lawlessness of the Roman nobility. It was in the year of Grace 1527, when His Holiness Pope Clement VII uneasily surveyed the ancient city of Rome from the walls of the Vatican. The complicated situation in France presented no insuperable difficulties to two consummate statesmen like Henry of Navarre and Clement VIII. The Catholic Encyclopedia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. On January 30th, therefore, Aldobrandini became Pope under the name of Clement VIII. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Gerald Rossi. The secular authorities of the Kingdom of Naples and of the Venetian republic constantly provoked Clement’s remonstration in violating ecclesiastical rights, but he never retaliated. Born in Fano, Italy to a prominent Florentine family, he initially came to prominence as a canon lawyer before being made a Cardinal-Priest in 1585. Omissions? Blameless in morals from childhood, he had at an early period placed himself under the direction of St. Philip Neri, who for thirty years was his confessor. During the conclave of 1592 he was the unwilling candidate of the compact minority of cardinals who were determined to deliver the Holy See from the prepotency of Philip II of Spain. Roman Catholic Pope, 1592-1605. APA citation. AKA Giulio de Medici. He won the friendship of the Hapsburgs by his successful efforts, during a legation to Poland, to obtain the release of the imprisoned Archduke Maximilian, the defeated claimant to the Polish throne. Imprimatur. Vita Clem. Pope from 1592 to March 1605. Clement VIII, original name Ippolito Aldobrandini, (born Feb. 24, 1536, Fano, Papal States—died March 5, 1605, Rome), pope from 1592 to 1605, the last pontiff to serve during the Counter-Reformation. The artifact presented here is a document signed prior to Clement VII’s pontificate. controv. It had been generally felt that the election of a pontiff likely to occupy the Apostolic See during a certain number of years was highly desirable. . VIII in LABBE AND COSSART, Coll. Gender: Male R. Clement VIII, given name Ippolito Aldobrandini, Roman Catholic pope from 1592 to 1605, was born at Fano, in 1535. His remains repose in Santa Maria Maggiore, where the Borghesi, who succeed the Aldobrandini in the female line, erected a gorgeous monument to his memory. In 1592 he was elected Pope and took the name of Clement. Despite his failure in this controversy, he managed to restore the prestige of the papacy. He founded at Rome the Collegio Clementino for the education of the sons of the richer classes, and augmented the number of national colleges in Rome by opening the Collegio Scozzese for the training of missionaries to Scotland. Clement then moderated the dominance of the Spanish among the cardinals, reducing their influence on future conclaves of the church. He was elected pope 30 January, 1592, after a stormy conclave graphically described by Ranke (Geschichte der römischen Päpste, 9th ed., II, 150 sqq.). Roman Catholic Pope, 1523-34. Al papa Clemente VIII (1592–1605), por ejemplo, le seducían la ductilidad y dulzura de sus voces. MLA citation. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Clement VIII, Pope, 1536-1605. Clement VIII died in his seventieth years after a pontificate of thirteen years. Coffee was not always as popular as it is today. He also expanded the Index of Forbidden Books and intensified the activity and scope of the Inquisition. Between 1562 and 1598, France was afflicted with civil wars between the Protestant Huguenots and Roman Catholics, which resulted in a problem of succession to the French throne. Born in Fano, Italy to a prominent Florentine family, he initially came to prominence as a canon lawyer before being made a Cardinal-Priest in 1585. . Conc., XXI, 1323; WADDING, Vita Clem. Clement VII, Italian pope from 1523 to 1534. There he worked in projects approved by Pope Clement VIII. Things had … The second Medici to ... Henry VIII, sought to have his marriage to Catherine of Aragon annulled. Robertson, Clare. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. 4. Henry IV pacified the Protestants in France and concurrently promoted the Counter-Reformation. He entered personally into the minutest detail of every subject which came before him, e.g., in the divorce between Henry IV and Margaret of Valois, yet more in the great controversy on grace between the Jesuits and the Dominicans (see BAÑEZ, MOLINA). It was clear to Henry that, notwithstanding his victories, he could not peacefully retain the French Crown without adopting the Catholic Faith. 74; SERRY, Hist. Pope Clement VII (Italian: Papa Clemente VII; Latin: Clemens VII) (26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 November 1523 to his death on 25 September 1534. “The most unfortunate of the Popes,” Clement VII’s reign was marked by a rapid succession of political, military, and religious struggles—many long in the making—which had far-reaching consequences for Christianity and world politics. Source. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. It is an untranslated letter and signed as Cardinal de’Medici in 1520.. King Henry VIII broke off relations with Pope Clement VII when he wouldn’t give Henry permission to marry Ann Boleyn. The complicated situation in France presented no insuperable difficulties to two consummate statesmen like Henry of Navarre and Clement VIII. He was primarily seen as a Renaissance prince preoccupied with Italian politics and the advancement of his family, the Medici. Clement VIII was afflicted by gout, and was forced to spend much of his later life immobilized in bed.He died in March 1605, leaving a reputation for prudence, munificence, ruthlessness and capacity for business. He made a personal visitation of all the churches and educational and charitable institutions of Rome, everywhere eliminating abuses and enforcing discipline. Pope Clement VIII was the 231st pope and reigned for more than 13 years. He encouraged the Counter-Reformative efforts of St. Francis de Sales, whom he made bishop of Geneva in 1602, and was responsible for printing a corrected edition of the Vulgate (the standard version of the Latin Bible) and other key liturgical books. University of Pennsylvania Library: referencedIn: Toledo (Archidiócesis) Arzobispo (1353-1362: Blas Fernández de Toledo). The "Bullarium Romanum" contains many important constitutions of Clement, notably one denouncing duelling and one providing for the inviolability of the States of the Church. In fact, its fame in the Western Hemisphere began only in the 16th century, largely thanks to Pope Clement VIII. de auxiliis (Antwerp, 1709); RGNON, Bañez et Molina (Paris, 1883); DE MONTOR, Lives of the Roman Pontiffs (New York, 1857). Pope Clement VIII (Latin: Clemens VIII; 24 February 1536 – 5 March 1605), born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. Upon Clement's elevation to the papacy, the aged saint gave over this important office to Baronius, whom the pope, notwithstanding his reluctance, created a cardinal, and to whom he made his confession every evening. Pope Clement VIII (Latin: Clemens VIII; 24 February 1536 – 5 March 1605), born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Bishop of Rome and hence head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. Clement VIII, original name Ippolito Aldobrandini, (born Feb. 24, 1536, Fano, Papal States—died March 5, 1605, Rome), pope from 1592 to 1605, the last pontiff to serve during the Counter-Reformation. He is known for helping settle issues between the Jesuits and Dominicans and for the efforts that led to The Long War. In 1598 Pope Clement won still more credit for the papacy by bringing about a definite treaty of peace between Spain and France in the Treaty of Vervins and between France and Savoy. Updates? Contact information. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. When members of his court implored Pope Clement VIII to … In the autumn of 1595 he solemnly absolved Henry IV, thus putting an end to the thirty years' religious war in France and winning a powerful ally in his struggle to achieve the independence of Italy and of the Holy See. Ippolito Aldobrandini was born at Fano in 1536, the son of a distinguished Florentine barrister. In 1605, Jesuit general Claudio Aquaviva needed a pontiff who would "bless" Guy Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot. Though vast political problems clamoured for solution, the pope first turned his attention to the more important spiritual interests of the Church. To him we owe the institution of the Forty Hours' Devotion. Early Life. 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