Imagine that you have just finished teaching a unit on agricultural diffusion to your Social Studies students. The Fertile Crescent stretches from the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Hearth definition is - a brick, stone, or concrete area in front of a fireplace. Answer Save. The innovation did not take long to spread, but there’s debate about exactly how this happened.In some cases, it seems likely that agriculture spread through demic diffusion, which basically means that the people using the innovation moved and brought it with them. The innovations spread from here to other regions with similar climates and economies, notably in India, Indonesia, and Africa. The other possibility is cultural diffusion. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 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This has been seen in the use of digital technologies for farming, but perhaps the most significant of the modern diffusions was a set of scientific techniques and practices we collectively call the Green Revolution. Carl Ortwin Sauer (December 24, 1889 – July 18, 1975) was an American geographer.Sauer was a professor of geography at the University of California at Berkeley from 1923 until becoming professor emeritus in 1957. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Create a PowerPoint presentation that defines hearth and agricultural hearth, and depicts the development of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent, China, and Mesoamerica. It's been estimated that the Green Revolution saved over a billion people from starvation by increasing crop efficiency, and the innovations continue to spread. Forced diffusion or expansion diffusion is the second method of cultural diffusion and takes place when one culture defeats another and forces its beliefs and customs onto the conquered people. hearths. For that, we have to look at the theory of the diffusion of innovations. Maps, Charts, and Models. The word hearth derives from an Indo-European root, *ker-, referring to burning, heat, and fire (seen also in the word carbon). Nobody knows, but we're all sure to hear about it when it does. B. areas laden with straw used as kindle. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Considering the vast amount of evidence to suggest that extensive trade networks existed between nomadic peoples, it's no surprise that people heard that one group suddenly had more food and didn't have to move around. Which is the best definition of agricultural hearths? C. consolidated agricultural … 1. welcoming entrances to fields where crops were grown. Specifically, agriculture hearths were settlements during the Neolithic period, where farming and livestock cultivated developed. In essence, it seems that in some places, like West Asia, farming communities migrated into a new region and brought their agricultural practices with them. Over in China, between the Yellow and Yangtze rivers, ancient people developed agriculture on their own. 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So how was agriculture diffused from agricultural hearths to the rest of the world? Agriculture: In the modern world, we can see this through the diffusion of industrial and scientific farming techniques. What does Commercial agriculture mean? An example of this would be when the Spanish took over lands in the Americas and later forced the original inhabitants to convert to Roman Catholicism in the 16th and 17th Centuries. 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There is some evidence that agriculture was independently developed in central Africa, India, and Indonesia as well, but it's debated whether these were independent developments or the concept of agriculture arrived here from other places. Do you need a custom essay? The internet is a great example of how something can originate in one place, then spread from culture to culture until it redefines human society. That kind of news would travel fast, and the early innovators in other societies likely started experimenting with this idea on their own. For that, we have to look at the theory of the diffusion of innovations. welcoming entrances to fields where crops were grown areas laden with straw used as kindle consolidated agricultural farms representing several villages places where agriculture developed independently all over the world. In some cases, it seems likely that agriculture spread through demic diffusion, which basically means that the people using the innovation moved and brought it with them. There is some evidence that agriculture was independently developed in central Africa, India, and Indonesia as well, but it’s debated whether these were independent developments or the concept of agriculture arrived here from other places. 2) Look at Agricultural Hearths & Crops in this packet. But how did they get it? The innovation did not take long to spread, but there's debate about exactly how this happened. Agriculture completely changed human history, but where did it come from and how did it spread? The theory of the diffusion of innovations comes from researcher Everett M. Rogers (1934-2004), who postulated that most new innovations move through society in a similar fashion. So, how did agriculture go from these areas to the rest of the world? Where was this? Term. C) multiple hearths of origin. Make a chart, poster, or some other type of graphic organizer that compares and contrasts the theories of diffusion of innovations, demic diffusion, and cultural diffusion. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The 5 hearths of civilization are: The Indus River Valley, The Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, The Huang He River Valley, and Mesoamerica. That kind of news would travel fast, and the early innovators in other societies likely started experimenting with this idea on their own. The modern definition of agriculture includes A) animal husbandry and shifting cultivation. Term. 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Lesley has taught American and World History at the university level for the past seven years. In some places it worked and caught on quickly, and in others it took more time. No, you use it because it’s become part of your culture, as it has in cultures around the world.The internet is a great example of how something can originate in one place, then spread from culture to culture until it redefines human society. Information and translations of Commercial agriculture in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. whittlesey's 11 agricultural hearths. seed map. Term. Example: The diffusion of innovations theory was developed by Everett M. Rogers. If there are exceptions to your pattern, identify where, but then identify why it was still a hearth even with a different climate, these answers can be found in your Fouberg. form of agricuture, in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivation for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored. Did some global secret society force you to start using it? Hearths are common features of many eras going back to prehistoric campsites and may be either lined with a wide range of materials, such as stone or left unlined. It’s pretty evident that regions that were near agricultural hearths began experimenting with agriculture pretty quickly. Tip: Be as specific as possible by choosing the grade level of your students and how many class sessions you will spend on the Fertile Crescent. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? In some places it worked and caught on quickly, and in others it took more time. What we know so far is that our first agricultural hearths appeared in the Middle East, Mesoamerica, and East Asia. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The first major periods of agricultural diffusion were among the most dramatic changes in human history, but this doesn’t mean that innovations stopped back in the Neolithic period. US Agriculture Map . Did some global secret society force you to start using it? This was easier than roaming around hunting and gathering, and so this part of the world became the first agricultural hearth.While the Fertile Crescent was the first agricultural hearth, it wasn’t the only one to develop independently. Agriculture completely changed human history, but where did it come from and how did it spread? D) the deliberate domestication of plants and animals. Diffusion is something we still see today, and was a big part of the Green Revolution in the mid-20th century. Example: Agriculture in China emerged along the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. Vegetative Planting Hearths. In this lesson, we’ll examine these ideas and see how they’ve continued to this day. The first of these, however, seems to have been a place we call the Fertile Crescent. One example of a cultural hearth is the Nile River valley. E) none of the above. 1. imaginable degree, area of To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. All rights reserved. deliberate modification of Earth's surface through cultivation of plants and rearing of animals to obtain sustenance or economic gain. A. But how did they get it? Agricultural Hearths When looking at the spread of new ideas, we start with the place where that idea emerged. united states farmers per capita. 40 maps that explain food in America. Agriculture actually appeared independently in a few places around the world, which all had climatic and geologic conditions that encouraged the development of farming. Agricultural hearths and Carl Sauer ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions.“Which is the best definition of agricultural hearths? It provides a classification and description of major agricultural regions of the world used in atlases etc. The first urban settlements are thought to have started around 3500BC in lower Mesopotamia (Sumer) around the Tigris and Euphrates. People in Mesoamerica and northwestern South America, particularly in the Valley of Mexico and Andes Mountains, also developed independent agricultural traditions. The places historians are certain were agricultural hearths include the Fertile Crescent, China around the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers, and Mesoamerica. ), from which the crops diffused to other areas. The Fertile Crescent stretches from the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Select a subject to preview related courses: The first major periods of agricultural diffusion were among the most dramatic changes in human history, but this doesn't mean that innovations stopped back in the Neolithic period. Devise a lesson plan that outlines how you could teach the history of the Fertile Crescent to your Social Studies students. Was the internet invented in every corner of the globe simultaneously? Terms in this set (53) agriculture. How to use hearth in a sentence. When looking at the spread of new ideas, we start with the place where that idea emerged. In the summer and autumn months, the full-flowing Nile waters profusely fed the soil giving a rich harvest of millet and rye. It’s a history dating back thousands of years to the first innovation to completely change how humans lived: agriculture. Agriculture actually appeared independently in a few places around the world, which all had climatic and geologic conditions that encouraged the development of farming. 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Regions relating to AP human Geography hearths the deliberate domestication of plants and animals education level could students... Here to other areas food and did n't have to look at the theory of Middle! Nile waters profusely fed the soil giving a rich harvest of millet and rye was first developed centers! We 'll examine these ideas and see how they 've continued to this day have a.