New York: Kluwer Academic. POLICE INTERROGATIONS: FALSE CONFESSIONS 2 Police Interrogations: Induced Confession In recent years, several high profile cases have involved innocent civilians who confessed and later convicted for crimes they did not commit. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-38598-3 E-mail Citation » The paper ends with recommendations to prevent false confessions. False Confessions/Social Psychology/Nadler/Mueller: The physical surroundings of the interrogation are an important feature of their potential for effectively extracting an admission of guilt. deception detection, anecdotal data from actual cases suggest that police-induced false confessions are particularly challenging because they often contain content cues commonly associated with truth telling and guilty knowledge. This dual motivation is what ener-gizes psychologists who study police-induced confessions. These stories date back to the Salem witch trials of 1692, during which about 50 women A false confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible. Twenty false confessions were content-analyzed to determine the substance of false confessions and perhaps help to explain why judges, juries, and others are prone to believe these statements. It provides a history of confession law in the United States and focuses on police-induced true and false confessions. Police-induced false confessions are among the leading causes of wrongful convictions. Police-induced false confessions arise when a suspect's resistance to confession is broken down as a result of poor police practice, overzealousness, criminal misconduct and/or misdirected training. Coerced false confession—Police-induced false confessions can result from a misstep in procedure involving persuasion, intimidation, or other psychological coercion. Background . Together, the four commentaries that follow the Kassin In the past two decades, hundreds of convicted prisoners have been exonerated by DNA and non-DNA evidence, revealing that police-induced false confessions are a leading cause of wrongful conviction of the innocent. State and federal courts generally exclude from … An example is the Central Park jogger, a case with innocent civilians convicted only to be discovered later that they were innocent of the crime. Lassiter, G. Daniel, ed. Abstract. Since the late 1980s, six studies alone have documented approximately 250 interrogation-induced false confessions. In this article, empirical research on the causes and correlates of false confessions … Updated May 12, 2020 A coerced confession is an involuntary confession that comes from overbearing police conduct rather than a defendant’s free will.It is involuntary because the confession is not a product of the accused’s free choice.Police-induced coerced confessions can lead to suspects admitting to crimes they did not commit. 2004. The pages of American legal history are rich in stories about false confessions. Wrongful Convictions by Police-Induced False Confessions. police-induced false confessions and the likelihood of wrongful convictions based on these confessions. Confessions have a greater impact on juries than other types of evidence, sometimes in the face of contradictory evidence. False arrest—an arrest made without probable cause or a warrant. 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