Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from mid-19th century to today. The Emergence of Rococo Art . Only the techniques of modern capitalism enabled the modern world economy, unlike earlier attempts, to extend beyond the political boundaries of any one empire. Texts include the writings of Hume, Descartes, Bacon, Berkeley, Newton, Locke, Mill, Edwards, Kant, Leibniz, Malebranche, Spinoza, Hobbes, and Reid. Western philosophy has gone through considerable change in recent centuries. Conservatism, political doctrine that emphasizes the value of traditional institutions and practices.. Studynama provides BTech, MBA, Law, MBBS, BBA, BCA, MCA & CBSE Class 9-12 students with FREE Study Material Download of Notes, eBooks, Projects & Solved Papers The Age of Enlightenment is an important time period in Europe and North America. Favoring political philosophy over religious propaganda, enlightened Europeans influenced the arrival of a new kid on the block: Rococo. Kant’s political philosophy is a branch of practical philosophy, one-half of one of the broadest divisions in Kant’s thought between practical and theoretical philosophy. At the turn of the 18th century came the period of Enlightenment (1700-1780). Take a Look at the Characteristics of the Enlightenment Period. 2 Monarchy Monarchies were the main form of government when the modern nation-states were developing. The tension in his political thought between individual liberty and totalitarianism continues to be an issue of controversy among scholars. This was a celebration of reason, whereby “the goals of rational humanity were considered to be knowledge, freedom, and happiness.”. The need for strong political rule was in fact very significant, for the Renaissance had brought an end for the most part to feudalism, the medieval form of political organization. It is one of the most important eras in the history of mankind. Despite several global catastrophes - The Great War (1914-18), The Influenza Pandemic (1918-19), the Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression (late-1920s, 1930s) - which undermined many of the moral certainties of the era, modern artists generally retained a belief in the fundamental scientific laws of reason and rational thought. Other articles where Political power is discussed: individualism: …view is the conception of political authority as ultimately derived from or justified by a hypothetical “contract” between individuals, as in the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679). Different sections focus on various political theories that have been influential during this period, such as liberal, libertarian, conservative, communitarian, Marxist, feminist, and postmodern thought. Another aspect of Rousseau’s philosophy that has proven to be influential is his view of the family, particularly as it pertains to the roles of men and women. Conservatism is a preference for the historically inherited rather than the abstract and ideal. Political philosophy is also to be distinguished within practical philosophy from both empirical elements and from virtue proper. Individual liberties like freedom of speech, thought and religion are very important in a democratic system and should be completely available to all, regardless of age, sex or race. The major political accomplishment of the Renaissance, perhaps, was the establishment of effective central government, not only in the north but in the south as well. 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