They will not thrive in alkaline soil. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. So, if you want the beautiful berries for this queen of the winter landscape, you have to plant a male counterpart nearby. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly is required for berry set. Height: over 12m If you know that you have a female shrub, you will need a male to pollinate it so that the female will produce berries. Now is the only time to tell the difference between male and female plants (besides if you have berries then you know you have a female). The foliage of lustrous, leathery, dark green leaves may develop yellow to purple tinged fall color. Native to North America. The red berries contrast well against the dark green background. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. ; Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination.These berries vary in color from red, dark orange to yellow. Only fertilized female flowers will produce berries. For the female flowers to be pollinated and produce berries, it requires the pollen from a male plant. Fruit sets only on female winterberry plants pollinated by at least one male winterberry plant in relatively close proximity, about 50 feet. "Is my winterberry a male or female?" Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. One male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants to produce fruit when planted within 40 feet of each other. If you purchase a female but don't have a male (or the right male) and end up with no berries, you may think that you bought a male and go out and buy another female. Dirr, M., Mannual of Woody Landscape Plants, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Winterberry is similar to Mountain Holly (Ilex montana) but the leaves are a little smaller, narrower, and more rugose (the veins are more indented). Flowering Considerations Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. To produce berries a male and female plant are both required - use Mr. Poppins ® winterberry holly as the pollinator. Winterberry Holly. Dwarf winterberry plants, available in both male and female varieties, are small versions and ideal for planting in containers or small gardens. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Winterberry is a medium-sized deciduous shrub of wetlands that occurs in moist areas throughout North Carolina. Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. To ensure you have both male and females, stick with similar varieties of holly plant, male and female are not always labeled. But if your landscape has been well planned, winter need not be a time of colorlessness. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Cold-Hardy Male Pollinator for Winterberry Holly This Southern Gentleman with have other Hollies Seeing Red …beautiful red berries, that is! It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Common holly, Ilex aquifolium, has shiny, evergreen leaves. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. It usually grows in damp areas like swamps, thickets and along rivers and ponds. Male. Add To My Plant List. Growing Winterberry Holly. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Both a male and a female plant are required for the female plants to produce red berries, which appear from late autumn to mid-winter. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 feet of the females if you wish to … Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) looks for all the world as if it's trying to divorce itself from the holly tribe to which it belongs. In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in … Answer: Yes, winterberry has male and female plants. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Keep reading. In the photo shown above, you can see four small yellow protrusions extending from the center of the flower. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Winterberry ... Dioecious literally means “two households” and in this case, that there are male and female plants. Straight species for male and female species. The normal ratio is one male pollinator for every 12-15 female plants. Native to eastern parts of North America, within hardiness zones from 3 to 9, reaching heights of 6 feet to 12 feet. Female flowers are pistillate and borne singly or in clusters of three. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. Comments and questions like the ones above usually come during the fall or winter when the bright red berries begin to show up on Ilex verticillata, winterberry. Use in groupings or masses for maximum effect. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Finally - and here's the kicker - male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female … (The width should be on the plant tag of each.) 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Both Little Goblin Red and Little Goblin Orange are female winterberries that require a male pollinator. Look for improved varieties, especially if you need a smaller plant. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. This means that to get a beautiful, berry-covered winterberry holly, you must plant both a male and a female. Moreover, male flowers are borne in clusters of seven to twelve. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. taller evergreens. 'Raritan Chief' - This is a male clone used to pollinate many deciduous holly hybrids, as it flowers over a long period. Select cuttings from both male and female plants since both are needed for successful fruit set. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. show well in front of fences and stone walls. So, if you plant hollies in your backyard and want to see berries, be sure you plant both male and female. Winterberry, best planted in early autumn, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Most hollies, whether evergreen or bare in winter, require a male holly to provide pollen to insure fruit set. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a deciduous type of holly that grows wild in moist, boggy areas. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. Your email address will not be published. Winterberry holly is dioecious (dye-oh-ee-shus, Greek for “two houses”). It can be grown as a specimen tree, a clipped bush or a hedge. Winterberry is dioecious, so both male and female plants are needed for fruit production. Maintenance: None other than an occasional pruning to maintain size or to remove dead or damaged growth. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Standing 3-4 feet tall this dwarf Winterberry is the perfect size for any garden with an upright habit of glossy green foliage and is appealing in spring and summer landscapes. The most common reason for lack of berries on female shrubs is that the tree is either a male or that a male tree is not available nearby to pollinate a female one. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Afterglow Winterberry Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow' Plant Type: shrub Height: 8 feet Spread: 8 feet Sunlight: partial shade to full sun. Male. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. https://cwf-fcf.org/en/resources/encyclopedias/flora/winterberry.html Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). This is another moisture-loving deciduous native holly is the common. And now … Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) ... Hollies have either male or female (called dioecious) flowers on the entire plant. Winterberry is a deciduous holly with a tremendous native range encompassing all of the eastern United States and deserves more frequent use as a landscape plant. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. All hollies are good for attracting pollinators and birds. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. Winterberry holly is an excellent choice for a rain garden because of its ability to tolerate both moist and dry soils. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. Michigan State Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Winterberry: shrub to 13 feet, alternate leaves, usually separate male/female plants; ¼-inch white flowers in leaf axils, 5 to 8 petals Post a comment Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Noteworthy Characteristics. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. ‘Apollo’, ‘Raritan Chief’, ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are consorts readily available at nurseries that sell the female holly varieties. ’ is a unique variety of winterberry in that it has variegated.! 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