Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only fertilized flowers on female winterberry shrubs produce berries. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. One male winterberry plant produces adequate pollen for up to 10 female plants. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. Winterberry is dioecious and the male and female flowers form on separate plants. How do you know if you have a male or female winterberry? Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. It usually grows in damp areas like swamps, thickets and along rivers and ponds. English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. So, if you want the beautiful berries for this queen of the winter landscape, you have to plant a male counterpart nearby. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. Look for improved varieties, especially if you need a smaller plant. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama.. Other names that have been used include black alder, Canada holly, coralberry, fever bush, Michigan holly, or winterberry holly.. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 The variety Little Goblin Guy is a good male shrub for these because it blooms at the same time. Use in groupings or masses for maximum effect. Plant winterberry holly from nursery transplants or cuttings, rather than wild plants. To get berries on a female plant, a male plant must be near. Typically, Winterberry Hollies have all green leaves. Moisture Requirements: Prefers medium to wet soils but will tolerate average garden soil. Growing Winterberry Holly. This species does well in wet areas, and its native habitats are places like bogs or swamps. As with blueberry bushes, in order to produce a bumper crop of berries you must have a male plant to pollinate a female. While the greenish flowers are small, the berries that follow are bright red and very showy. A deciduous holly valued for its extremely colorful red berries which last throughout winter on female plants; upright growth... 52. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. If you purchase a female but don't have a male (or the right male) and end up with no berries, you may think that you bought a male and go out and buy another female. Gardeners in northern climates are faced with a challenge in keeping the landscape interesting when the last of the autumn flowers and colorful fall foliage have faded. If you’re looking for a splash of red during drab winter months, then purchasing this Southern Gentleman Holly (and a female holly bush if you don’t have one) is the first step. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Plant male and female winterberries within 50 feet of each other for heavy fruit set. ; Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination.These berries vary in color from red, dark orange to yellow. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Winterberry: shrub to 13 feet, alternate leaves, usually separate male/female plants; ¼-inch white flowers in leaf axils, 5 to 8 petals Post a comment Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. The foliage of lustrous, leathery, dark green leaves may develop yellow to purple tinged fall color. While the greenish flowers are small, the berries that follow are bright red and very showy. "Is my winterberry a male or female?" Add To My Plant List. An extremely hardy male holly with rich, deep green foliage on a dense, twiggy, oval to rounded form. For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. Winterberry is similar to Mountain Holly (Ilex montana) but the leaves are a little smaller, narrower, and more rugose (the veins are more indented). Winterberries are flowering now, though the early flowering selections have mostly finished flowering and the late flowering selections are just beginning. Winterberry is generally a dioecious plant, which means it has male and female flowers on separate plants. Ilex verticillata Winterberry Combo Combination of interplanted male and female forms of the native deciduous Holly, bright green foliage drops shortly after berries appear, get show throughout winter. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly is required for berry set. Winterberry is a dioecious species, meaning female flowers and male flowers grow on separate plants. Winterberry, best planted in early autumn, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. ‘Apollo’, ‘Raritan Chief’, ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Southern Gentleman’ are consorts readily available at nurseries that sell the female holly varieties. 1 Plant both … All hollies are good for attracting pollinators and birds. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. Named cultivars, however, are usually found in both male and female varieties. Now that you know the differences between the flowers you can solve the puzzle of no berries. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) is a slow-growing holly bush variety, native to North America. Holly, Winterberry, Jim Dandy Male $19.95 One of the best plants for fall and winter color. The normal ratio is one male pollinator for every 12-15 female plants. VCE Publications & Other Online Resources, https://njaes.rutgers.edu/deerresistance/, https://pubs.ext.vt.edu/2901/2901-1077/2901-1077_pdf.pdf. They will not thrive in alkaline soil. Winterberry holly is dioecious (dye-oh-ee-shus, Greek for “two houses”). (Winterberry Holly) To produce an explosion of brilliant berries in the landscape use Mr. Poppins Ilex as the male pollinator for Berry Poppins. Both male and female plants are needed to have berries. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Prune to shape in late winter or early spring before new growth appears. Finally - and here's the kicker - male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female … If you aren't sure, the difference is in the flowers. Winter is a time when many gardeners resign themselves to a landscape that will be a bit dreary until next spring, spending their time planning next year's garden. Both a male and a female plant are required for the female plants to produce red berries, which appear from late autumn to mid-winter. (The width should be on the plant tag of each.) Male. Straight species for male and female species. The red berries contrast well against the dark green background. Over the holidays, I received an email from the Fayetteville area regarding the proper spacing of winterberry (Ilex verticillata) for good pollination and fruit production. This is another moisture-loving deciduous native holly is the common. Winterberries are dioecious (separate male and female plants). Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) ... Hollies have either male or female (called dioecious) flowers on the entire plant. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. Generally one male winterberry will be sufficient for pollinating 6-10 female plants. For the female flowers to be pollinated and produce berries, it requires the pollen from a male plant. This male variety is required for berry production on the females. Propagation: Winterberries may be propagated from softwood cuttings. Noteworthy Characteristics. Sparkleberry Holly: Sparkleberry Holly, or Winterberry, has bright red berries appear from late summer to early fall. * The male and female plants must bloom at precisely the same time for the female to be receptive. It doesn't act like a holly. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Winterberry holly care does not require a male and a female plant, but you’ll need at least one of each in the vicinity if you want the signature red berries. From early spring to midsummer, clip 6- to 8-inch long cuttings from the ends of green, pliable winterberry branches. "I thought I bought a female and a male but I don't have any berries.". So, if you plant hollies in your backyard and want to see berries, be sure you plant both male and female. Fruit sets only on female winterberry plants pollinated by at least one male winterberry plant in relatively close proximity, about 50 feet. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Smooth green leaves are entire rather than notched in the typical holly fashion. Cold-Hardy Male Pollinator for Winterberry Holly This Southern Gentleman with have other Hollies Seeing Red …beautiful red berries, that is! Whereas one male blue holly, such as "Blue Prince," will pollinate eight or 10 blue holly females, male winterberries should be interspersed at a ratio of one to every four or five females. Piedmont Master Gardeners, Sharing knowledge, Empowering communities, Both male and female plants produce flowers, but only. Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is a deciduous type of holly that grows wild in moist, boggy areas. many female cultivars exist, with some being hybrids of Ilex serrata (Finetooth Holly) and Ilex verticillata; their required male pollinators are noted for their early (E), … It may reach 12' tall and features attractive glossy, light green foliage. Your email address will not be published. Only female plants produce berries, and one or more male plants that bloom at the same time need to be growing within 50 feet of the females if you wish to … Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. As with hollies generally, flowers are imperfect (comprised of male or female parts but not both) and individual plants are dioecious (male or female). Standing 3-4 feet tall this dwarf Winterberry is the perfect size for any garden with an upright habit of glossy green foliage and is appealing in spring and summer landscapes. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Flowering Considerations Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. The berries can also be cut for use in floral arrangements. For winterberry holly information, including notes on how to grow winterberry holly, read on. Like some of the other hollies, Winterberry Holly also requires both a male and a female plant planted in close proximity to one another in order for the plants to produce a bumper crop of the those striking red berries. Many cultivars of holly species exist. All flowers are about ¼ inch across with 5 to 8 white petals that are spreading to reflexed. For best results plant at least one male plant for every three female plants. Flowering Considerations. Berries are not edible for humans but are relished by birds after they've softened in mid-winter. Male holly flowers have four yellow stamens extending from the center of the flower. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. Select cuttings from both male and female plants since both are needed for successful fruit set. But if your landscape has been well planned, winter need not be a time of colorlessness. Allow one male for every three females. Winterberry Holly. For instance, ‘Blue Prince’ and ‘Blue Princess’, ‘China … By contrast, each female bloom has a green ovary (that is, a green "bump" in the center of its bloom). Design Ideas This is the pollinator for Red Sprite Winterberry. It doesn't look like a holly. https://cwf-fcf.org/en/resources/encyclopedias/flora/winterberry.html Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Moreover, male flowers are borne in clusters of seven to twelve. Only fertilized female flowers will produce the attractive red berries that are the signature of the species. But what if you have no berries!? Dirr, M., Mannual of Woody Landscape Plants, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. It gets its name from the Christmas-red berries that develop from fertilized flowers and stay on the bare bush stems much of the winter. Some of the most popular male Winterberries include ‘Jim Dandy’ and ‘Late Male’. In some cases it doesn’t have to be pollen from the same species. There are dozens of varieties, many of which have variegated leaves. Native to North America. Comments and questions like the ones above usually come during the fall or winter when the bright red berries begin to show up on Ilex verticillata, winterberry. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in … Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) Winterberry is a medium-sized deciduous shrub of wetlands that occurs in moist areas throughout North Carolina. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. Tolerant of various soil types, they’re suitable for many different uses such as rain gardens and hedges. This plant is a female species of holly and will need to be pollinated by a male blue holly in order to produce fruits. Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Winterberry ... Dioecious literally means “two households” and in this case, that there are male and female plants. Flowers appear on new growth. Native to eastern parts of North America, within hardiness zones from 3 to 9, reaching heights of 6 feet to 12 feet. In other words, the shrubs are either male or female. The folks knew that hollies have male and female plants, and that only the females bear berries. In general, a pollinating male holly needs to be within 500 feet of the female, but for Ilex verticillata, a distance of 15 feet is recommended. Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. Winterberry is dioecious, so both male and female plants are needed for fruit production. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown The flowers appear either singly or in small clusters along the stems. Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Ilex verticillata, the winterberry, is a species of holly native to eastern North America in the United States and southeast Canada, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Alabama. In Craven County, winterberry can be seen in wetlands and especially along streams such as Brices Creek. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. Ilex verticillata . Only fertilized female flowers will produce berries. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) looks for all the world as if it's trying to divorce itself from the holly tribe to which it belongs. Female Winterberry Holly Shrubs: Red Sprite Winterberry Holly: A profusion of bright red berries brighten the winter landscape and provide food for birds. Michigan State But at that point in the season it is too late to tell. ‘Afterglow’ and ‘Red Sprite’ are common female Winterberries. To produce berries a male and female plant are both required - use Mr. Poppins ® winterberry holly as the pollinator. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. If you have room in your landscape, plant several winterberry hollies so that you can clip the heavily berried branches for use in floral arrangements. The most common reason for lack of berries on female shrubs is that the tree is either a male or that a male tree is not available nearby to pollinate a female one. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. 'Raritan Chief' - This is a male clone used to pollinate many deciduous holly hybrids, as it flowers over a long period. It is an upright, rounded, slow-growing shrub that can form thickets from root suckers. To encourage fruit production, plant at least one male bush for every four female plants. Answer: Yes, winterberry has male and female plants. If you decide to plant them beside each other, calculate their distance apart by adding together half of the ultimate width of each. Female plants produce bright red berries in profusion in early fall while leaves are still green and remain until mid-winter. Ilex verticillata are either male or female shrubs. Now is the only time to tell the difference between male and female plants (besides if you have berries then you know you have a female). Winterberry is a deciduous holly with a tremendous native range encompassing all of the eastern United States and deserves more frequent use as a landscape plant. Winterberries are flowering now, though the early flowering selections have mostly finished flowering and the late flowering selections are just beginning. ‘Sunsplash’ is a unique variety of Winterberry in that it has variegated leaves. This means that to get a beautiful, berry-covered winterberry holly, you must plant both a male and a female. Allow one male for every three females. And now … Flowers appear on new growth. In the photo shown above, you can see four small yellow protrusions extending from the center of the flower. The attractive berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Winter Gold', if a male variety, such as Southern Gentleman Winterberry, is nearby to provide pollen. Both Little Goblin Red and Little Goblin Orange are female winterberries that require a male pollinator. An excellent pollenizer for berry production on early-flowering female varieties such as Red Sprite. Winterberry holly is an excellent choice for a rain garden because of its ability to tolerate both moist and dry soils. Soil pH Range: 3.8 to 6.0 or slightly acidic soil. Winterberry hollies are dioecious. Winterberry holly (I. verticillata) requires a male plant to bear noticeable numbers of fruit. Height: over 12m Winterberry holly is dioecious, which means each individual plant will bear either male or female flowers. Full sun will result in better berry production. Maintenance: None other than an occasional pruning to maintain size or to remove dead or damaged growth. Match a female shrub with a male shrub that blooms at roughly the same time in spring. Flowers appear on new growth. taller evergreens. They wondered, though, if there must be a male pollinator for every species of holly in a landscape. In other words, each individual plant bears only one type of flower: those that will turn into berries (a female plant) or those that bear pollen (a male plant). One male plant will pollinate about 20 female plants to produce fruit when planted within 40 feet of each other. You might be asking why a combo? Keep reading. Note: To ensure fruit set, you must plant a male and a female winterberry. Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants (dioecious), occasionally on the same plant (monoecious), and rarely a plant will produce perfect flowers (both male and female parts). Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. If planted in a drier site, they may need to be watered periodically during hot, dry weather. Most holly species are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are on different plants, thus requiring a male holly plant to pollinator for the female to set fruit. Nurseries grow and sell many varieties of winterberry shrubs. Dwarf winterberry plants, available in both male and female varieties, are small versions and ideal for planting in containers or small gardens. It grows in full sun or partial shade, preferring afternoon shade in hot zones. Winterberry is dioecious, meaning there are separate male and female plants. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. Generally, one male winterberry can pollenize up to ten female plants. Prune to shape in early spring just before new growth appears. The attractive red berries which are the signature of the winterberries are produced on female varieties such as 'Red Sprite' if a male variety (such as 'Jim Dandy') is planted nearby to provide pollen. It can be grown as a specimen tree, a clipped bush or a hedge. Beyond 40 feet, one male will pollinate about four to five female plants. Female flowers are pistillate and borne singly or in clusters of three. Ilex verticillata . If you know that you have a female shrub, you will need a male to pollinate it so that the female will produce berries. Afterglow Winterberry Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow' Plant Type: shrub Height: 8 feet Spread: 8 feet Sunlight: partial shade to full sun. Winterberry holly, Ilex verticillata. Common Winterberry Winterberry Winterberry Holly Phonetic Spelling EE-leks ver-tik-il-LAY-tah Description Winterberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 10 to 15 feet tall, but it often occurs in the wild as a shrub. I took for granted the beauty and appeal of the winterberry holly. Male flowers will be staminate, that is they will lack the female pistil. A male pollinator, such as Jim Dandy Holly … Winterberry is a deciduous holly that naturally grows along streams, ponds, and swamps. Winterberry Holly. show well in front of fences and stone walls. Male & Female Winterberry Holly Combo (2-Pack of 3 Gallon Pots) If you love berries you're gonna love this combo of Winterberry Hollies, both of which are easy-to-grow North American natives. Extremely hardy. Established winterberry holly can take some dryness, but severe or frequent dry conditions will impact berry set. To ensure you have both male and females, stick with similar varieties of holly plant, male and female are not always labeled. Grow winterberry holly across U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4b through 8. Male. Common holly, Ilex aquifolium, has shiny, evergreen leaves. One of the best plants for fall and winter color. 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