What is the process of healing a break in the bone? Which of the following is not a component of the skeletal system? View desktop site, The anatomical parts of the long bones are - Diaphysis - It is the mid portion of the shaft of long bone. Spongy bone, Epiphysis, Yellow bone marrow, Marrow cavity, Diaphysis, Compact bone, Red bone … The cervical spine is further divided into two parts; the upper cervical region (C1 and C2), and the lower cervical region (C3 through C7). a = epiphysis. The process of dissolving bone and returning its minerals to the bloodstream is known as _________. You will be required to label the ulnar notch, styloid process of ulna, trochlear notch, proximal radioulnar joint, olecranon process, coronoid process, distal radioulnar joint, etc. The outside of the flat bone consists of a layer of connective tissue called the periosteum. Which of the following exemplifies a positive feedback process happening in bone mineral deposition? Radius Bone Markings: Radial Head (caput radii) is a proximal, disc-shaped prominence.Its concave superior surface articulates with the capitulum of the humerus and its cylindrical lateral surface articulates with the radial notch of the ulna. Correctly label the following parts of the strata of the epidermis. 2. While their parts are similar in general, their structure has been adapted to differing functions. What do we mean by an 'articulation'? In the anatomical position the subject stands. Anatomy Of Lymph Nodes The storage or release of buffering compounds works to aid the body in ______ _____ balance. metaphysis Part of the bone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis; it contains the connecting cartilage enabling the bone to grow, and disappears at adulthood. The __________ of the entire skeleton or skeletal elements utilizes the anchoring of muscles to attachment sites on the bones, which then serve as levers. Question: Correctly Label The Following Anatomical Parts Of A Long Bone. Pelvis Bone Structure Picture. Contained within the spongy sections of bones, red bone marrow is responsible for _____________. Unformatted text preview: 5. The process finishes with bone ___________ converting spongy to compact bone. Part I: Anatomical Directions: 1. The internal mark in the bone left behind by the closed epiphyseal plate is called the ___________ ______. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone.-Site of endosteum-Compact bone-Spongy bone-Articular Carilage-Diaphysis-Epihyseal Line-Epiphysis. … Mature bones are remodeled throughout life via a process known as __________. Spiral fracture. The shaft refers to the elongated sections of long bone, and the neck the segment between the head and shaft (or body). Skeletal diagrams are tools used by students to learn and study all 206 bones (this number can vary from person to person) of the human body. Williams H.S. The ___________ ________ is a layer of hyaline cartilage with a metaphysis on each side. The most active form of ___________ is called calcitriol. There are four main categories of bones: long, short, irregular, and flat. Related Posts of "Structure Of Bone Diagram" Human Cellular Respiration Diagram. Size. & Expert answer 100 11 ratings. The clavicle is an elongated, S-shaped bone that rests horizontally at the sternum across the upper part of the ribcage, and the acromial end of the scapula.. Depositions of collagen and fibrocartilage will then turn the tissue into a soft _______.. _________ deposit a temporary bony collar around the fracture while ossification occurs. Gaps between ossified material are filled with marrow. When blood calcium levels drop, glands embedded in the posterior thyroid secrete _________ hormone, which stimulates osteoclastic activity.. Osteogenic cells: 1. Epiphysis - It is the end portion of the long bone. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. Osteogenic cells are bone stem cells that differentiate into osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The quiz above includes the following questions : 1. The longest and the robust bone of the arm as observed in the following labeled diagram is called the humerus. At the juncture between the two is an area called the metaphysis. Correctly label the following parts of bone cells. Found in greater proportions in flat bones. A long bone is covered externally with a sheath called the __________, whereas the marrow cavity is lined with the __________. The skull, pelvis, ribs, vertebral column, and sternum provide __________ to many delicate organs of the body by encasing them in hardened, shell-like or caged structures. The center cavity of the diaphysis of a long bone is called the __________. Human Anatomy; Gray's Anatomy; Study Guide; Anatomy Online; Skeleton Printout; The Dr. G.W. Expert Answer 100% (12 ratings) Spicules and trabeculae are found in __________. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. The hardness of bone comes from __________, whereas __________ provide(s) some degree of flexibility. NEW! hydroxyapatite and other minerals; proteins. There is a printable worksheet available for download here so you can take the quiz with pen and paper. It contains the connecting cartilage enabling the bone to grow and disappears at adulthood. Human skeleton - Human skeleton - Long bones of arms and legs: The humerus and the femur are corresponding bones of the arms and legs, respectively. Skeletal system diagrams are illustrations of the human skeleton, used mostly for educational purposes or in presentations. What would you find in the marrow cavity of the diaphysis of an adult humerus (arm bone)? Most blood cells are produced in the red marrow of bones. Blood Ca2+ deficiency stimulates __________ secretion, which leads to __________. Mineralization is a process that extracts __________ and __________ from the blood plasma and deposits it into bone. What is label number 4 pointing to in the diagram? When the cartilage is depleted, the epiphyseal plates ______ and the bone can get no longer. When ____________ become enclosed in lacunae, they become cells called _____________. The diaphysis is the tubular shaft that runs between the proximal and distal ends of the bone. Hypercalcemia is rare, but hypocalcemia can result from a wide variety of conditions. The fracture line encircles the shaft like … Adjust credit for all students. Award: 10.00 points Problems? See the answer. The central, fat-storing marrow cavity is found inside the diaphysis. The expanded head at each end of a long bone is called the __________. This bone is an important part of the skeletal system since it plays an essential role in everyday functional movement, serving as the connection between the axial skeleton and the pectoral girdle. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) binds to receptors on osteoblasts. © 2003-2020 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone.. Anatomy of a long bone. Periosteum Spongy bone Compact bone Red bone marrow Yellow bone marrow Epiphysis Marrow cavity Articular cartilage Diaphysis Diaphysis Site of endosteum Epiphyseal line Epiphyseal line Spongy bone Epiphysis Articular cartilage Get more help from Chegg Site of endosteum Spongy bono Periosteum Yellow bone marrow Red bone marrow Compact bone Marrow cavity Epiphysis Epiphysial line Diaphysis Articular cartilage < Prey 28 of 32 Next MacBook Air Growth in the epiphyseal plate adds to the _______ of a bone until the plate is depleted in early adulthood. The bones of the skeleton provide structure to the body and serve as a _________ to hold up the body and maintain proper positioning of some organs. Correctly label the following parts of bone cells.-osteogenic cell-rough ER-secretory Vesicles-Nucelus-Mitochondrion-Osteoblast-Osteocyte. Blank Human Body Organs Sheet. A __________ fracture is one in which the bone is broken into three or more pieces. Calcium plays an essential role in all of the following except _________. It is a cylindrical shaft-like bone that has a flattened distal end and a rounded articular surface of the proximal end. Find GCSE resources for every subject. d = periosteum. The most common bone disease is __________. The skull of a fetus or newborn infant is different in many ways from an adult skull. The end of the long bone opposite to the head is known as the base. The result of blood calcium and phosphate levels being too low for normal deposition is a softness of the bones called __________ in children and __________ in adults. | parathyroid hormone; increased osteoclast activity. This quiz has tags. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. 7. As you can see in Figure 5.1, the shaft of a long bone is called the diaphysis. The axial skeleton includes the. Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in the healing of a bone fracture? Vitamin D stimulates absorption of dietary calcium from the __________ system. At each end of the bone, at the site of the synovial joint, is an area called epiphysis. Minerals can be stored in the skeleton, which acts as a reservoir, storing or releasing minerals as needed to maintain __________ __________ throughout the body. The hollow region in the diaphysis is called the medullary cavity, which is filled with yellow marrow. A 'crest' on a bone is : 6. Achondroplastic dwarfism is a hereditary condition, in which the long bones of the limbs fail to elongate normally because of reduced hyperplasia and hypertrophy of cartilage in the __________. The end of the long bone is the epiphysis and the shaft is the diaphysis. Label the Long Bone. 5. The wider section at each end of the bone is called the epiphysis (plural = epiphyses), which is filled internally with spongy bone, another type of osseous tissue. A __________ will form and will turn into granulation tissue at the site of injury. Label number 1 in the diagram indicates which part of the bone? Fetal Skull. Spiral fracture is caused by a twisting force. structure of a long bone Long bone: elongated bone consisting of a body (diaphysis) and two terminal parts (epiphyses), such as the leg and arm bones (femur, radius, phalanges and others). Bones are commonly described with the terms head, neck, shaft, body and base The head of a bone usually refers to the proximal end of the bone. A radiograph (X-ray) of a child's hand will show epiphyseal lines. Elongation of bones is accomplished via __________ growth. Dermis, Stratum granulosum, Stratum corneum, Stratum basale, Stratum spinosum: Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. Which one of the following bone cells would have the greatest number of lysosomes? Correctly label the following anatomical parts of osseous tissue. Wolff's law of bone explains the effect of __________. Bone protrudes through the skin in a fracture called __________. The largest part of any long bone is the long cylindrical middle, called the diaphysis. b = diaphysis. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a flat bone. The __________ contains hydrogen pumps that lead to the formation of hydrochloric acid, which is used to dissolve bone minerals in a process called __________. Periosteum Spongy bone Compact bone Red bone marrow Yellow bone marrow Epiphysis Marrow cavity Articular cartilage Diaphysis Diaphysis Site of endosteum Epiphyseal line Epiphyseal line Spongy bone Epiphysis Articular cartilage, anatomy and physiology questions and answers. g = medullary cavity (yellow marrow) h … Osteoporosis is most common in elderly women because of the lack of ___________, which would otherwise inhibit ____________. activate javascript. A long bone has two parts. Most bones of the limbs are long bones. Enlarged terminal part of the bone, nearest the center of the body, made of spongy tissue and articulating with neighboring bones. Red bone marrow is important in the production of new bone cells. The head of the humerus is almost hemispherical, while that of the femur forms about two-thirds of a sphere. Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. This quiz has tags. Correctly label the following parts of bone cells. It looks like your browser needs an update. f = compact bone. The ulna is one of two bones that give structure to the forearm. Label diagram and define each of the following anatomical directional terms: Figure 6.3.1 – Anatomy of a Long Bone: A typical long bone showing gross anatomical features. The Best Body Skeletal Diagrams. Privacy Osteoblastic activity in children is stimulated by the hormone ____________.. external acoustic meatus, temporomandibular ligament, sphenomandibular ligament, styloid process… The hemopoietic tissue in a bone is otherwise known as myeloid tissue. The first few crystals that form attract more calcium and phosphate. Correctly label the following anatomical features of the elbow joint. c = articular cartilage. Skull hyoid bone thoracic cage and vertebral column. When a human finishes growing these parts fuse together. Show transcribed image text. __________ is/are found in compact bone, but not spongy bone. Intramembranous ossification is common in children, whereas endochondral ossification is typical in young adults. During the healing of a bone fracture, a hard callus is formed by ___________. Synthesized by the combined action of the skin, kidneys, and liver, _________ is important to the deposition of bone. radial collateral ligament, anular ligament, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, ulnar collateral ligament Correctly identify the following anatomical parts of the temporomandibular joint. Which of the following is an inorganic component of the bone matrix? Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. Osseous tissue is a(an) ____________ tissue. Red bone marrow fills the spaces between the spongy bone in some long bones. Arteriosclerosis is one example of ectopic ossification, which means __________. Which of the following is not a function of the skeleton? The bone on the left in the image is the : 3. Any break in a bone is called a __________ and repair is done in stages by the body. Label A is: Label B is: Label C is: Label D is: Label E is: Label F is: Click the Bone below for the answers! Which of the following tissues is not found as part of a long bone? This is an online quiz called Long bone Parts Quiz There is a printable worksheet available for download here so you can take the quiz with pen and paper. The walls of the diaphysis are composed of dense and hard compact bone. July 8, 2015 Quiz. Oh no! This problem has been solved! In endochondral ossification, the precursor connective tissue is __________, which is replaced by bone. Label the Parts of a Long Bone. Part 1: Directional terms, Planes, Body Cavities Lab Materials: male & female surface landmarks models, various models, textbook Lab Activities: Use models and charts to learn directional terms, planes and body cavities. The ulna is located on the opposite side of the forearm from the thumb. Osteology Home; Long Bone Labling . The Occiput (CO), also known as the Occipital Bone, is a flat bone that forms the back of the head. Osteoporosis often leads to an exaggerated thoracic spinal curvature, which is called kyphosis. Label number 5 in the diagram indicates the : 4. Epiphysia, Correctly label the following anatomical parts of a long bone. If the __________ component of bone is not in adequate amounts, the flexibility of bone will be compromised. Correctly Label The Following Anatomical Parts Of A Long Bone. Patches of fibrocartilage formed in the healing of a fracture are called __________, whereas the bony collar formed around the fracture is called __________. The diaphysis takes the brunt of the force a long bone must support, and is made up primarily of compact bone -- a dense, strong bone composed of minerals, including calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, as hard as many types of rock. A long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis. 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'S hand will show epiphyseal lines the periosteum fills the spaces between the spongy bone dissolving... Role in all of the arm as observed in the following anatomical of... Stratum spinosum: correctly label the following anatomical features of the bone on the subject! Most common in children is stimulated by the body, made of spongy and! __________ fracture the following anatomical parts of a long bone.. Anatomy of Lymph Nodes end... Diagram indicates the: 4 correct sequence of events in the bone on the below. Buffering compounds works to aid the body encircles the shaft of a long.! Granulation tissue at the juncture between the spongy bone Lymph Nodes the end of the can! _____ balance and determine which is filled with yellow marrow encircles the shaft of a long.... Categories of bones bone-Articular Carilage-Diaphysis-Epihyseal Line-Epiphysis osteoblasts and osteoclasts stimulated by the body can no. 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Click on the opposite side of the flat bone consists of a long bone a bone the! To the head of the forearm juncture between the proximal and distal ends of the forms... N ) __________ fracture is one example of ectopic ossification, which a. The longest and the robust bone of the skeleton bone in some long bones epiphyseal. % ( 12 ratings ) correctly label the following anatomical parts of cells.-osteogenic... A flat bone consists of a layer of connective tissue is __________, endochondral... `` structure of bone diagram '' human Cellular Respiration diagram g = medullary cavity which.