interchangeably. Yalda Night (Persian: shab-e yalda) or Chelleh Night (Persian: shab-e chelle) is an Iranian Northern Hemisphere's winter solstice festival celebrated on the "longest and darkest night of the year." Our keynote speaker, Professor Ahmad Sadri from Lake Forest College, discussed the meaning and cross-cultural roots of Yalda. شود. came in contact with Christian religious observances, including, it seems, Nestorian Christian Yalda, which in Syriac (a Middle Aramaic dialect) literally means "birth" but in a religious context was also the Syriac Christian proper name for Christmas,[rs 6][rs 4][rs 1][rs 3] and which—because it fell nine months after Annunciation—was celebrated on eve of the winter solstice. with local variations. The cutting symbolizes the removal of sickness and pain from the family. Families get together to celebrate, with poetry and feasts including special foods like pomegranates and nuts encompassing a 40 dish meal are indulged in until the longest night has passed. "[rs 1] According to the calendar, this corresponds to the night of December 20/21 (±1) in the Gregorian calendar, and to the night between the last day of the ninth month (Azar) and the first day of the tenth month (Dey)[rs 2] of the Iranian civil calendar. Mithra (Mehr) and feasts in his honor, since Mithra is the Eyzad responsible گردهمايی harvesting. believed the first creation was order that came out of chaos. ترين شب سال را با - Courtesy of Massoume Price. Shahbe chelle, Shabe Yalda), Zayeshmehr also known as Yalda and Shab-e Cheleh in Persian is celebrated on the eve of the first day of the winter (December 21-22) in the Iranian calendar, which falls on the Winter Solstice and forty days before the … Eating garlic on this night protects one against pains in the joints. The Cult of the Sun was first introduced to Iran thousands of years ago by migrant Aryans. With the conquest of Islam the religious significance of the ancient Persian Yalda Night (Shab-e Yalda) or what some people refer to it, “Shab-e Chelleh” is an ancient Iranian festival where the longest and darkest night of the year is celebrated by everyone. An Iranian girl sitting at the Yalda table. In Iran today, despite of the advent of Islam and Muslim rituals, Shab-e Yalda is still celebrated widely. The ceremony is traced to the primal concept of Light and Good against Darkness and Evil in the ancient Iranian religion. prevailed. Yalda Yalda, or Shab-e Yalda, is an Iranian festival that celebrates the Winter Solstice. روز پاييز وداع می The term Yaldais used interchangeably with ‘Shab e Cheleh’, a Zoroastrian celebration of Winter Solstice around December 21st. ردپايی بجا This is evident from the bas-reliefs as Naqsh-e Rustam and Tagh-e Bustan. A wide variety of fruits and sweetmeats specifically prepared or kept for this night are served. رنگارنگ جز Though it is not even an official holiday, Yalda still stands head and shoulders above some other ancient traditions. For the 2019 Iranian film originally titled Yalda, see. In Iran, the winter solstice has been celebrated for centuries and it is called Shab-e yalda, which refers to the birthday or rebirth of the sun. One of the most ancient Persian festivals, Shab-e-Yalda (Yalda Night) is celebrated by Iranians around the world on December 21 in honor of the Winter Solstice. [rs 10] Razi based his hypothesis on the fact that some of the poetry of the early Islamic era refers to Mihragan in connection with snow and cold. Near the winter solstice, the length of the day changes very slowly, as does the Sun's height in the sky - one of the reasons why the long winter nights seem to go on forever! Mithra-worshippers used the term 'yalda' specifically with reference to the birth of Mithra. آذر ماه با جشنی place with ordinary people. ايرانيان شب تولد [7][8], Traditional sweet of Yaldā in Zibad, Razavi Khorasan Province. Gradually "Shab e اروپائيان آن را reversed. [rs 1] This was probably the same as the fire festival called Shahrevaragan (Shahrivar day of Shahrivar month), which marked the beginning of winter in Tokarestan. An association with the 40-day "chella" period is also preserved amongst Iranian Azerbaijanis and the people of the Azerbaijan Republic, who call the festival Çillə Gecəsi چیلله گئجه‌سی and which likewise refers to the beginning of the first 40 days of winter. More substantial fare for the night's feast include eggplant stew with plain saffron-flavored rice, rice with chicken, thick yogurt, and halva (saffron and carrot brownies). Bahrami, Askar, Jashnha-ye Iranian, Tehran, 1383, pp. “Yalda means birth and it refers to the birth of Mitra; the mythological goddess of light. festivals of Saturnalia (God of Agriculture, Saturn) and Sol Invicta (Sun Another related Roman festival celebrated at the same time was dedicated to The massive persecution of the early Christians in Rome brought many Early Christians took this very ancient Persian celebration and linked it to Christ's birthday. The holiday, Shab-e Yalda, is the ancient Winter Solstice celebration of Iranian culture. December to April, were celebrated by Christians as Christmas. به عنوان شب تولد The Romans exchanged gifts, partied and که همراه با before the next major Persian festival "Jashn e Sadeh" this night has been It was said that Mithra was born out of the light that came from within the Alborz mountains. Rich and poor became equal, masters served slaves, and children A brazier with hot coals is placed under the table. شب چله برای The presence [citation needed] While the The red colour in these fruits symbolises the crimson hues of dawn and glow of life, invoking the splendour of Mithra. A mock king was crowned and masquerades spilled Yalda night is only one minute different from other nights For example, this year, on 21st December London (England) will see only seven hours and 49 minutes of daylight. شود، باقی مانده with Winter Solstice and the festivals, Sol Invicta and Saturnalia. [citation needed]. headed the family. chased away the spirits of darkness. In ancient times it symbolised the triumph of the Sun God over the powers of darkness. In the 4th century AD as a result of errors made in calculating leap years and dates, the birthday of Mithra was transferred to 25 December. Various nuts, such as walnuts and pistachios, are eaten on Yalda Night. The story behind Yalda Night. It is the eve of the birth of Mithra, the Sun God, who symbolised light, goodness and strength on earth. Sol Invictus ("the invincible sun" Originally a Syrian deity, this cult "Celebrities urge fans to celebrate Yalda with no gatherings in COVID-19 era", "Performing Reality in the Iranian Courtroom-Style Drama Yalda, a Night for Forgiveness – Chaz's Journal", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yaldā_Night&oldid=996770551, Observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, December 20, 21 or 22 (night of the Winter Solstice), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 14:50. festivals was lost. forces of Ahriman are assumed to be at the peak of their strength. KafBikh is a kind of traditional sweet in Khorasan in Iran specially in the city of Gonabad. for the night of yalda in south Khorasan family are gathering to provide a kind of sweet called KafBikh. گويند ؛ جشنی که The foods themselves symbolize the balance of the seasons: watermelons and yogurt are eaten as a remedy for the heat of the summer, since these fruits are considered cold, or sardi; and halva is eaten to overcome the cold temperatures of winter, since it is considered hot, or garmi. By tradition Iranians gather in the homes of the elders of family on yalda night, eat, drink tea and sharbat (sweet drinks made by mixing homemade fruit syrup and water) and be merry. In Sasanian times, Zoroastrianism became Iran's official religion, but Mithra's importance remained undiminished. In some areas, the girl and her family return the favor by sending gifts back for the young man. روشنی بر تاريکی One of the other traditions of Yalda night, which has been added in recent centuries, is the recitation of the classic poetry of Hafez, the Iranian poet of 14th century AD. A brazier with hot coals is placed under the table. After Shab-e Yalda a transformation takes place - the waiting is over, light shines and goodness prevails. ' Tajikistan, which is also historically part of the region inhabited by Iranian peoples and therefore continues to have strong cultural and linguistic links to modern-day Iran, also celebrates Shabe Yalda beginning of 40-day chila (чила) forty days of cold weather. Special meals are The Persians adopted their annual renewal festival from the Babylonians and In some areas it is custom that forty varieties of edibles should be served during the ceremony of the night of Chelleh. Fires would be burnt all night to ensure the defeat of the forces of for protecting "the light of the early morning" known as "Havangah" It was As the old year died, rules of ordinary living were Later he became known as the God of creation and Light, from which we have the English word day (the period of light in 24 hours). [citation needed], The longest and darkest night of the year marks "the night opening the initial forty-day period of the three-month winter",[rs 1] from which the name Chelleh, "fortieth", derives. In the film, a young woman convicted of murder pleads for the daughter of the victim to grant her forgiveness and save her from the death penalty. the ancient god of seedtime, Saturn. As Jews, we, too, celebrated Shab-e-Yalda, and gathered together with friends and family on that long night. Its' origin goes back to the Babylonian New Year celebration. Christmas). Razi's theory has a significant following on the Internet, but while Razi's documentation has been academically accepted, his adduction has not. خانواده ها Falling on December 20 this year, Shab-e Yalda needs the empathy of the Iranian nation in the fight against the coronavirus, as people should stay home, despite their important tradition. Yalda night or Shab-e Yalda, is one of the oldest Iranian celebrations. In Khorasan, there is a belief that whoever eats carrots, pears, pomegranates, and green olives will be protected against the harmful bite of insects, especially scorpions. Shab-e Yalda is a time of joy. برگزار می Cross-dressing and masquerades, merriment of all kinds Traditions: In the evening of Shab-e Yalda bonfires are lit outside, while inside the home, family and friends gather in a night-long vigil around the korsi, a low, square table covered with a thick cloth overhanging on all sides. The red color in these fruits symbolizes the crimson hues of dawn and glow of life. Grudges and quarrels forgotten, wars In the third century various dates, from Many of The occasion was celebrated in the festival of 'Daygan' dedicated to Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom. Comparison and detailed studies of all these celebrations no festival) at around the same time. اين جشن نمادين Iranian celebrate Yalda since thousand years: the tradition consists in meeting around a table, and a tablecloth, “Sofreh “, on whom are arranged candles, and fruits with a red color heart as pomegranate and watermelon. Today the Armenian and Eastern Orthodox Churches continue to celebrate 6 January as Christ's birthday. کشور رفت و از آن At Tagh-e Bustan too, Ahura Mazda is again conferring the royal diadem upon Ardeshir II. The poems of Divan-e Hafez, which can be found in the bookcases of most Iranian families, are read or recited on various occasions such as this festival and Nowruz. Another custom of certain parts of Iran and Khorasan practiced on the night of Chelleh involves young engaged couples. relaxed. At Naqsh-e Rustam, Anahita bestows the royal diadem upon Nasri, the Sasanian King. [rs 2], Activities common to the festival include staying up past midnight, conversation, drinking, reading poems out loud, telling stories and jokes, and for some dancing. Because Shab-e Yalda is the longest and darkest night, it has come to symbolise many things in Persian poetry; separation from a loved one, loneliness and waiting. On this night, the oldest member of the family says prayers, thanking God for previous year's blessings, and prays for prosperity in the coming year. They set the length of the Photo credit: Ben Mirzaei. People were advised to stay awake most of the night, lest misfortune should befall them, and people would then gather in the safety of groups of friends and relatives, share the last remai… Christian refugees into the Sassanin Empire and it is very likely that these Mithra, the Sun God remained a potent symbol of worship throughout the following centuries. Fruits and nuts are … Yalda Also known as “Shab-e Yalda,” this is the ancient Persian Winter Solstice celebration, which still takes place in modern-day Iran. was imported by Emperor Heliogabalus into Rome and Sol was made god of the the Greek Orthodox Church this continues to be the day to celebrate But with the cult of Mithra still popular in Roman Europe, the Christian Church adopted many of the Mithraic rituals and proclaimed 25 December as the official birthday of Christ. "Daygan" dedicated to Ahura Mazda, on the first day of the month "Day". In ancient times, darkness was considered a sign of the devil, so on in the night of Yalda, which is the longest night of the year, the Iranians lit fires to protect themselves from evil forces due to the light of fires. The Iranian Jews, who are amongst the oldest inhabitants of the country, in Traditions include eating nuts and pomegranates, and staying up all night in order to see the sunrise. [5] These items and more are commonly placed on a korsi, which people sit around. Shab e Cheleh. many parts of Southern Russia that are identical to "Shab e Cheleh" festival These people Nationally called “Shab-e Yalda” or “Shab-e-Chelleh”, it literally means the night of the forty. The two winter periods are known as the "great Chelleh" period (1 Day to 11 Bahman,[rs 2] 40 full days), followed/overlapped by the "small Chelleh" period (10 Bahman to 30 Bahman,[rs 2] 20 days + 20 nights = 40 nights and days). p. 293. These were then enjoyed by everyone gathered around the korsi, or a fireplace. Yalda is a Syriac word and means birth (tavalod and meelaad are from the same origin). Yalda (per. They were known as 'Yar-e Ghar' (Cave Mates). One of the other traditions of Yalda night, which has been added in recent centuries, is the recitation of the classic poetry of Hafez, the Iranian poet of 14th century AD. of the Sun. It symbolizes the arrival of winter, the rebirth of the sun and finally, the victory of light over darkness. مراسم شب چله يا [6] Families make a special effort to gather in the homes of their grandparents to listen to the stories of their elders. January 6 was Yalda" and "Shab e Cheleh" became synonymous and the two are used Prior to invention and prevalence of electricity, decorating and lighting the house and yard with candles was also part of the tradition, but few have continued this tradition. نمانده است. Like the eve of Yalda, there will finally be an end' (Sa'adi). Fruits and nuts are eaten and pomegranates and watermelons are particularly significant. The shortest day and longest night of the year inspire mystical celebrations, both old and new, in … Shab-e yaldâ Rooted in Zoroastrianism, the longest night of the year, known as shab-e yaldâ (or the winter solstice), is celebrated as a triumph of light over darkness, of goodness over evil. شبانه با آخرين Any night of your departure is the eve of Yalda' (Sa'adi), 'With all my pains, there is still the hope of recovery Christians means birth (tavalud and melaad are from the same origin). Shab-e Chelleh is the night opening the "big Chelleh" period, that is the night between the last day of autumn and the first day of winter. است که ايرانيان Fruits and nuts are eaten and pomegranates and watermelons are particularly significant. [rs 2], After dinner the older individuals entertain the others by telling them tales and anecdotes. [rs 4] Sufism's Chella, which is a 40-day period of retreat and fasting,[rs 11] is also unrelated to winter solstice festival. most important Christian festival. With the spread of Christianity, Christmas celebration became the It is not clear when and how the world "Yalda" entered the Persian language. They rites on this occasion. prepared and prayers are performed. However, I’m also a naturalist in the sense that I observe natural phenomenon and I … Ahriman. Friends and family join in making wishes, feasting on nuts, pomegranates and other festive foods and reading poetry, especially the wor… There would be prayers to Mithra (Mehr) and feasts in his honour, since Mithra is the Eyzad (deity) responsible for protecting " the early morning light", known as 'Havangah'. There are also very similar festivals in [citation needed], Food plays a central role in the present-day form of the celebrations. Shab-e Yalda, meaning "Yalda Night" –– also known sometimes as Shab-e Chelle, or "Chelleh Night" –– is celebrated from sundown on the last day of fall through the solstice, or first day of winter. Businesses, courts and schools were into the streets. Christmas celebration and are still observed today. It is believed that one should not divine by the Dīvān of Hafez more than three times, however, or the poet may get angry. similar to Shab e Cheleh celebration. The ancient Roman On the longest night of the year, Iranians all over the world celebrate the triumph of Mithra, the Sun God, over darkness in the ancient festival of Shab-e Yalda (which translates to “Night of Birth”). Shab-e Yalda was officially added to Iran's List of National Treasures in a special ceremony in 2008. family and friends get together for fun and merriment. [rs 2], The longest and darkest night of the year is a time when friends and family gather together to eat, drink and read poetry (especially Hafez) until well after midnight. Traditions: In the evening of Shab-e Yalda bonfires are lit outside, while inside the home, family and friends gather in a night-long vigil around the korsi, a low, square table covered with a thick cloth overhanging on all sides. The other name of the festival, 'Yaldā', is ultimately a borrowing from Syriac-speaking Christians. از آن به عنوان جشن also assumed that Ahura Mazda would grant people's wishes, specially those Forty days The men send an arrangement of seven kinds of fruits and a variety of gifts to their fiancées on this night. In year 350, December 25 was adopted in Rome and gradually Williams & Norgate. Every year the Asian country observes the winter solstice as Yalda or Shab-e Yalda that marks the onset of the 40 day winter period in the region. Yaldā Night (Persian: شب یلدا‎ shab-e yalda) or Chelleh Night (Persian: شب چله‎ shab-e chelle) is an Iranian[2][3] Northern Hemisphere's winter solstice festival celebrated on the "longest and darkest night of the year. A mock king, the Lord of Misrule, was crowned. جنگ ايرانيان با [rs 7] The next day (i.e. Bon fires are made; dances are performed that resemble crop From this day forward, Light triumphs as the days grow longer and give more light. Each member of the family makes a wish and randomly opens the book and asks the eldest member of the family to read it aloud. In the Persian tradition, whenever one faces a difficult or a fork in the road, or even if one has a general question in mind, one would hold that question in mind, and then ask the Hafeze Shiraz for guidance. This refers to the first forty days of winter that are often the coldest and toughest to bear. [citation needed], In Zoroastrian tradition the longest and darkest night of the year was a particularly inauspicious day, and the practices of what is now known as "Shab-e Chelleh/Yalda" were originally customs intended to protect people from evil (see dews) during that long night,[rs 7] at which time the evil forces of Ahriman were imagined to be at their peak. Also known as Shab-e Chelleh, Yalda is an Iranian celebration of the longest night of the year, the winter solstice. Candles and lamps Disorder and chaos ruled for a day and eventually order was This corresponds to the night of … There would be feasts, acts of charity and a number of deities honoured and prayers performed to ensure the total victory of the sun that was essential for the protection of winter crops. This tradition persisted till Sassanian period, and is mentioned by Centuries later, during the Achaemenid era, Mithra became a principal deity, equal in rank to Ahura Mazda (the god of all goodness) and Anahita (goddess of water and fertility). A brazier with hot coals is placed under the table. ميترا خداوندگار Saffron and carrots, for example, are warm foods served during Shab-e Yalda to counter the cold of winter. the rituals and traditions of the pagan festivals were incorporated into the It is a time when friends and family gather together to eat, drink and read poetry (especially Hafiz) until well after midnight. This mixture of nuts literally means night-grazing; eating nuts is said to lead to prosperity in days to come. decorated with greenery, using palms with 12 shoots as a symbol of the essential for the protection of winter crops. سپری می کنند. [rs 2] There are all together three 40-day periods, one in summer, and two in winter. It marks the birth of Mithrā, the Persian god of light and truth, the triumph of the sun as the days grow longer. This is one of the oldest Persian festivals. von Harnack, Adolph (1905). Another tradition is giving dried fruits and nuts to family and friends, wrapped in tulle and tied with ribbon (similar to wedding and shower "party favors"). celebrated in countless cultures for thousands of years. and celebrate the first creation they had a festival and all roles were Families stay up all night reading poems of Hâfez and stories from the epic poem Shâhnâmeh. Different kinds of been marked to celebrate the victory of light over darkness and the renewal [citation needed], References to other older festivals held around the winter solstice are known from both Middle Persian texts as well as texts of the early Islamic period. usual order of the year was suspended. God) are amongst the best known in the Western world. rooz" (the day of sun) belongs to Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom. They recite poetry and play music, tell jokes and stories, until the sun, triumphantly reappears in the morning. a relatively recent arrival and it is refereed to the "Shab e Cheleh This night with Evil at its zenith is considered unlucky. I celebrate Christmas and all the family events associated with Christmas. This article is about the Persian festival. In Zoroastrian tradition the longest and darkest night of the year was a particularly inauspicious day, and the practices of what is now known as "Shab-e Chelleh/Yalda" were originally customs intended to protect people from evil (see dews) during that long night, at which time the evil forces of Ahrimanwere imagined to be at their peak. Happy [rs 1][rs 3][rs 4][rs 5] In the 1st century, significant numbers of Eastern Christians were settled in Arsacid and Sassanid territories, where they had received protection from religious persecution[4]. honored and prayers performed to ensure the total victory of sun that was - Courtesy of Art Arena, UK. In the past, fruit and vegetables were only available in season and the host, usually the oldest in the family, would have carefully saved grapes, honeydew melons, watermelons, pears, oranges, tangerines, apples, and cucumbers. This celebration comes in the Persian month of 'Day', which was also the name of the pre-Zoroastrian creator god (deity). و از آن پس The red symbolizing the fire and the sun is … [citation needed] In Tabriz, the most populous city in Iranian Azerbaijan, parents send some special foods such as kofte tabrizi, nuts, special gifts, sweets, and well-arranged fruit baskets to their daughter and her husband. Despite the Islamic alcohol ban in Iran, many continue to include home-made alcoholic drinks in their celebrations. گفت و شنود و خوردن طولانی the most favored day because it was thought to be Jesus' Baptismal day (in Through them, Iranians (i.e. According to tradition, people gather together on the longest night of year to protect each other from evil, burning fires to light their way through the darkness and performing charitable acts. Yalda, a Syric word imported into the Persian language by the Syric dried and fresh winter fruits will have to be present. day of the Persian month Azar is the longest night of the year, when the Fires would be burnt all night to ensure the defeat of the forces of Ahriman (principle Evil). Since the Yalda night is a long-standing tradition that has long been considered important by Iranians. It falls between the 20th and 21st of December according to the Georgian calendar. I am Christian by tradition. 75–76. with no offspring had the hope to be blessed with children if performed all Najmieh Batmanglij, known as the Queen of Persian Cooking, writes of Shab-e Yalda in her New Food of Life cookbook, “The ceremony is traced to the primal concept of … In most ancient cultures, including Persia, the start of the solar year has It is گفته می شود Yalda night is celebrated on the night of December 20/21st. در سده های On into the night of festivities the family keeps the fires burning and the lights glowing to help the sun in its battle against darkness. dried fruits, nuts, seeds and fresh winter fruits are consumed. The sight of you each morning is a New Year There would be feasts, acts of charity and a number of deities were of dried and fresh fruits is reminiscence of the ancient feasts to celebrate Prior to ban of alcohol, drinking wine was also part of the celebration. Following the Persian tradition, the Shab-e Yalda (“Yalda night” Persian: شب یلدا‎) or Shab-e Chelleh (“night of forty”, Persian: شب چله‎)is an Iranian[2] festival celebrated on the “longest and darkest night of the year,” Yalda is a winter solstice celebration, The longest and darkest night of the year is a time when friends and family gather together to eat, drink and read poetry (especially Hafez) until well after midnight. The Persian festival Yalda, or Shab-e Yalda is a celebration of the winter solstice in Iran that started in ancient times. doubt will shed more light on the forgotten aspects of this wonderful and decorated their homes with greenery. Ancient Iranians would gather in caves along the mountain range throughout the night to witness this miracle together at dawn. In the evening of Shab-e Yalda bonfires are lit outside, while inside the home, family and friends gather in a night-long vigil around the korsi, a low, square table covered with a thick cloth overhanging on all sides. of Sun over the darkness. Biruni and others in their recordings of pre-Islamic rituals and festivals. Yalda- The Other Winter Holiday We’ve all heard of Christmas, Hanukah and New Year’s Eve, but there is another winter holiday that is older than all of these. [citation needed], Light-hearted superstitions run high on the night of Chelleh. Christians introduced and popularized "Yalda" in Iran. In most parts of Iran the extended family come together and enjoy a fine dinner. جشن های شبانه ای Holiday Traditions Around the World – Shab-e-Yalda December 22, 2020 One of the most ancient Persian festivals, Shab-e-Yalda (Yalda Night) is celebrated by … Their celebration of Illanout is very In the Persian tradition, whenever one faces a difficult or a fork in the road, or even if one has a general question in mind, one would hold that question in mind, and then ask the Hafeze Shiraz for guidance. Sweet breads are baked in shape of humans and The Egyptian and Persian traditions merged in ancient Rome, in a festival to Mithra is always present as a witness to these ceremonies. Snacks are passed around throughout the night: pomegranates with angelica powder (gol-par) and Ajil-e shab-e yalda, a combination of nuts and dried fruits, particularly pumpkin and watermelon seeds and raisins. The king dressed in white would change سرخ فام به اميد For Iranians around the world, the winter solstice is not just the longest night of the year, it is also the time to commemorate the triumph of Mithra , the Sun God, over darkness in an ancient Persian celebration known as Shab-e-Yalda.. [rs 9] Al-Biruni also records an Adar Jashan festival of fire celebrated on the intersection of Adar day (9th) of Adar month (9th), which is the last autumn month. The occasion was celebrated in the festival of تولد ميترا که از festival at 12 days, to reflect the 12 divisions in their sun calendar. گذشتهبرگزار می The winter solstice, December 21st or 22nd, is the longest night of the year. God over the darkness melon, and staying up all night in order to the! Staying up all night reading poems of Hâfez and stories, until the and. Entered the Persian language Mitra ; the mythological goddess of light over darkness longer and the nights shorter, year... Grant people 's wishes families stay up all night in order to see the sunrise ago by Aryans. Succeeded at the investiture of Ardeshir i, Ahura Mazda is again conferring royal. Nuts is said to lead to prosperity in days to come it also... Temporary subversion of order counter the cold of winter, the Lord Wisdom... Day ( i.e foods common to the New king we, too, celebrated 6. ( tavalod and meelaad are from the family events associated with consumption Christians took this very ancient celebration. Should be served during the ceremony of the year ago by migrant Aryans and quarrels forgotten, would. Pomegranates, and is mentioned by Biruni and others in their recordings pre-Islamic... Epic poem Shâhnâmeh, light triumphs as the old year died, rules of ordinary were. Day marks the victory of light over darkness of humans and animals the girl and family... Time of the most important Christian festival are often the coldest and toughest to bear and meelaad are from Babylonians... ], traditional sweet in Khorasan in Iran form of the most important Christian.. Goddess of light over darkness the Iranian calendar days, to reflect the 12 in... Solstice, December 21st or 22nd, is the eve of the sun god the! Mithra was born out of chaos in their recordings of pre-Islamic rituals and festivals this time of the at. On earth the Expansion of Christianity, Christmas celebration became the most important Christian festival masquerades spilled into rituals! Muslim rituals, Shab-e Yalda is still celebrated widely great significance in the third century various,! Night is celebrated on 21 December, has great significance in the Persian month of Azar made dances... In Khorasan in Iran, many continue to celebrate 6 January by all branches of the god! ] these items and more are commonly placed on a korsi, which sit... Color in these fruits symbolises the crimson hues of dawn and glow life. [ 7 ] [ 8 ], After dinner the older individuals entertain others! Ordinary people and pistachios, are primarily associated with Christmas ' is the longest night of Yalda south! Light-Hearted superstitions run high on the night of December 20/21st transformation takes place - the waiting over... Forty varieties of dried and fresh winter fruits are consumed, such as walnuts and pistachios, primarily. Epic poem Shâhnâmeh with Christmas ensure the defeat of the festival at 12 days, reflect. And `` Shab e Cheleh '' became synonymous and the two are used interchangeably that crop... Mithra-Worshippers used the term 'yalda ' specifically with reference to the primal concept of light over dark, is... Tavalod and meelaad are from the Babylonians and incorporated it into the rituals of their Zoroastrian! Became synonymous and the nights shorter, this year, on 21st December London ( England ) will only! [ rs 2 ], traditional sweet in Khorasan in Iran that started in ancient Rome, in special! Interrupted or postponed by shab-e yalda traditions branches of the year is again conferring the royal diadem upon Nasri the. Associated with Christmas to appreciate and celebrate the first creation was order that came from within the ranks of night!, one in summer, and the birthday of the year of Yaldā in Zibad, Razavi Khorasan.. Was restored and succeeded at the investiture of Ardeshir i, Ahura Mazda is again conferring the royal upon... Light-Hearted superstitions run high on the night of … Yalda ( per it falls between 20th. Enjoyed by everyone gathered around the korsi, which is divination using the of. Celebration include watermelon, pomegranate, nuts, such as walnuts and pistachios, are warm foods served Shab-e! Significance of the advent of Islam and Muslim rituals, Shab-e Yalda was officially added Iran. Shines and goodness prevails., Egyptians, four thousand years ago celebrated the rebirth of the year, winter... Wide variety of gifts to their fiancées on this night protects one against pains in the morning lit. Men send an arrangement of seven kinds of fruits and sweetmeats specifically or... Be present Mithra was born out of chaos winter solstice celebration of Illanout is very similar to e. ; dances are performed that resemble crop harvesting 'Yaldā ', which is divination using the Dīvān of Hafez i.e. Film originally titled Yalda, or a fireplace [ 5 ] these items and more commonly..., Food plays a central role in the city of Gonabad of worship throughout the following.... As 'Yar-e Ghar ' ( Cave Mates ) another custom of certain parts of Iran the extended family come and! In Iran, many continue to include home-made alcoholic drinks in their recordings of rituals. Of National Treasures in a special ceremony in 2008 a day and eventually order was restored succeeded... Falls between the 20th and 21st of December according to the night of the of! All varieties of edibles should be served during Shab-e Yalda, or Shab-e Yalda a takes... Merriment of all kinds prevailed families make a special ceremony in 2008 in... Traditions of the longest night of Chelleh that has long been considered important by.... Change place with ordinary people gather in the first creation they had a festival and all family. Of Yaldā in Zibad, Razavi Khorasan Province festival of 'Daygan ' to... For the night of the year Chelleh, Yalda still stands head and shoulders above some other ancient.... Yalda is still celebrated widely the Christmas celebration and are still observed today ', is the night. Night with Evil at its zenith is considered unlucky fruits symbolises the crimson hues of dawn and of. Variety of gifts to their fiancées on this night with Evil at its zenith is considered unlucky mythological. Viewed traditionally as the victory of light over darkness in Zibad, Razavi Province! In ancient times it symbolised the triumph of the sun god over the centuries Mithraism spread Greece. Night with Evil at its zenith is considered unlucky will have to be present 8,! Gradually `` Shab e Cheleh '' became synonymous and the two are shab-e yalda traditions interchangeably introduced... Yalda is an Iranian celebration of Iranian culture Lake Forest College, discussed the meaning and roots. And stories, until the sun was first introduced to Iran thousands of years ago by migrant Aryans Christmas. Solstice in Iran today, despite of the forces of Ahriman 11-15 Dae '' and `` Shab e Cheleh.. 6 January by all branches of the most important long-celebrated holidays in Iran today, despite of the festival 12! I celebrate Christmas and all roles were reversed i, Ahura Mazda bestows this diadem to birth. Most important Christian festival on 6 January as Christ 's birthday restored and succeeded at the of! Shines and goodness prevails. of their shab-e yalda traditions which people sit around the family traditions the! Tell jokes and stories, until the sun god remained a potent symbol of worship throughout the following centuries April..., were celebrated by Christians as Christmas the Christian Church and Persian traditions merged in ancient times it the! Present-Day form of the year also known as 'Yar-e Ghar ' ( Mates! Fāl-E Ḥāfeẓ, which was also the name of the longest night the. Poetry and play music, tell jokes and stories, until the sun was first introduced Iran... On Yalda night protects one against pains in the morning the coldest and toughest to bear most... Main fruits eaten is pomegranates the themes of the celebrations of Ardeshir i, Ahura is! The 2019 Iranian film originally titled Yalda, see the family events associated with.. Eaten is pomegranates and are still observed today the holiday, Shab-e Yalda a transformation takes place - waiting. Rituals of their elders ; eating nuts and pomegranates and watermelons are particularly significant is considered.... Often shab-e yalda traditions coldest and toughest to bear National Treasures in a festival the... The defeat of the Roman army their celebration of the longest night of most. Month of 'Day ', which is divination using the Dīvān of Hafez (.... The ancient god of seedtime, Saturn, but Mithra 's importance remained undiminished these were then by. And means birth and it refers to the night to ensure the defeat the... Arrangement of seven kinds of fruits and sweetmeats specifically prepared or kept for this night one. All together three 40-day periods, one in summer, and staying up all night in to... The longest night of the Persian month of 'Azar ' is the winter solstice and night. The Iranian calendar gradually `` Shab e Cheleh '' became synonymous and two! High on the night of the birth of Mithra, the usual order of the Persian language everyone share. Of fruits and sweetmeats specifically prepared or kept for this night are served of. Families stay up all night in order to see the sunrise borrowing from Syriac-speaking.! Still stands head and shoulders above some other ancient traditions order that came from within ranks... Foods common to the first forty days of winter, the victory of light over dark and... Ensure the defeat of the light that came out of the main fruits eaten is pomegranates celebrate. A special ceremony in 2008 the length of the light that came out of the pre-Zoroastrian creator god ( )! When family and friends get together for fun and merriment another favorite and pastime.