1) Describe the normal anatomy of the scapular region on US, MDCT and MRI imaging. Windows I: Triangle of Auscultation — Kaitlin Walsh Art. The fascial component of the flap - the dorsal thoracic fascia - can be harvested alone as a free fascial flap. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. Scapular dyskinesis (which may also be referred to as SICK scapula syndrome) is an alteration or deviation in the normal resting or active position of the scapula during shoulder movement. The pectoral region is external to the anterior thoracic wall and anchors the upper limb to the trunk. What does the pectoral region consist of? ... PowerPoint Presentation 6.1 Quadrangular space; 6.2 Upper triangular space; 6.3 Lower triangular space; 7 Draw labeled diagram to show the anastomosis around scapula. Anatomy of pectoral region designed by me is related all anatomical aspect of Pectoral area in an easy way For most people, the scapula moves in abnormal ways due to the repetitive use of the shoulder. Repetitive motion use of your upper back can result in a sharp or throbbing pain of one, or both of your shoulder blades, termed as the scapula. Furthermore, scapular positioning is hypothesized to bear a direct relationship to scapular stability and the generation of muscular forces, because coordinated muscle patterns are believed to be requisite for normal glenohumeral joint function and muscle force production.5–8 Thus, most authors of texts consider the assessment of scapular position to be one part of a comprehensive approach to eval… Boundaries and Divisions In response to the demand for flexibility of the upper limb. CT chest/abd/pelvis with reconstruction. This terminology (and use of the word syndrome) describes a set of signs and symptoms that often present together without identifying the cause of the pain and dysfunction, as is the case with other syndromes such as chronic fatigue syndrome and … scapula. There's more: Triangle of auscultation borders; They produce the characteristic shape of the shoulder, and can be divided into two groups: Upper Limb_Pectoral Region,Scapular Region,Axilla & Brachial Plexus - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. It may seem strange that it is included in the anatomy of the upper limb. Upper and lower subscapular nerves. PPT - PTA 106 Fall 2008 Shoulder Joint PowerPoint ... Tumor in the Back | SpringerLink. Supraspinous fossa. Chest xray: non displaced right clavicle fx. Stabilizes . Highest tubercle of greater tubercle. Medial border of scapula. Boundaries of Ischiorectal fossa. Neck - non tender with full ROM. Medial rotation of the arm Additional notes:-• The posterior scapular region also contains part of one additional muscle, the long head of the triceps brachii, which passes between the scapula and the proximal end of the forearm. A position of scapula depression will maintain the upper trapezius muscle region in a lengthened position, causing excessive strain. Subscapularis. scapular region: [TA] the area of the back corresponding to the outlines of the scapula. The scapular region lies on the posterior surface of the thoracic wall. Bagg and Forrest found a ratio of 4.4:1 during early phase, and 1.7:1 within 80 to 140° of shoulder elevation.Burkhart et al  has used the acronym SICK to refer to the syndrome associated … The shoulder blade (scapula) is a flat triangular bone found in the upper back. Stabilisation of shoulder joint. Lateral parts of 1st-8th ribs. This strain could lead to peripheral nociceptive nerves sensitization in the affected area, changing the pressure pain threshold (PPT). T10 vertebral body involving post elements (Chance Fx), hemothorax. The shoulder plays a key role in the blood flow to the arms. ; Posteriorly: Lower border of gluteus maximus and sacrotuberous ligament. Download Scapula PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. Just like other parts of the body, the scapula also experiences pain and discomfort. A position of scapula depression will maintain the upper trapezius muscle region in a lengthened position, causing excessive strain. 1.The deltoid 2.Supraspinatus 3.Infraspinatus 4.Teres minor 5.Subscapularis 6.Teres major Muscles Of The Scapular Region The deltoid: origin: The anterior border of lat 1/3 rd of clavicle The acromian Lower lip of the crest of spine of scapula Insertion: The deltoid tuberosity of humerus Nerve supply: Axillary nerve(c5,c6) The deltoid Subscapular fossa. Superficial muscles of back. Baltimore MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. 2) Review the spectrum of findings of various disease processes involving the scapula. Protracts & rotates . Also, as pain in the left shoulder region, pain in the right shoulder region may be a symptom of various diseases. ; Laterally: Obturator internus with obtrurator fascia above and ischial tubrosity below. Sonographically, this bony landmark is represented by a break in the supraspinous fossa line. The armpit and shoulder serve as the meeting place for the torso and arms, so major vessels close to … Some authors1–4 have argued that alterations in scapular positioning can have an effect on shoulder function. The suprascapular artery runs above the SSN and the superior transverse scapular ligament; however, the STSL is not always visualized under ultrasound. Exam: Tenderness in the mid thoracic spine and right para-scapular region. This strain could lead to peripheral nociceptive nerves sensitization in the affected area, changing the pressure pain threshold (PPT). We use our shoulder muscles for stabilization and arm movement. It is the one responsible for connecting collarbone at the front part of the body. This quiz will test your understanding of the muscles that make up the shoulder muscle group. Gross Anatomy Image. Anteriorly: Posterior free border of urogenital diaphragm. 2. o The scapula is the base of support to shoulder joint and all movements of the upper extremity o Poor scapular stabilization can contribute to a variety of upper quadrant syndromes such as: shoulder impingement, shoulder instability, cervical strain, nerve entrapments, and muscle strains. First 30-45 degrees of elevation best described as the setting phase in terms of scapular motion as scapula … There are a variety of reasons for scapular pain. Hope, you got a basic idea what is scapula and where it is located. At the suprascapular notch region, one can visualize the SSN within the scapular foramen (Figure 9). Name the structures that form boundaries of ischiorectal foss. Pain in the region of the right scapula. Physical scapula) Subscapular fossa Lesser tubercle Upper and lower subscapular nerves. The muscles of the shoulder are associated with movements at the shoulder joint. 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