A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. This terminology (and use of the word syndrome) describes a set of signs and symptoms that often present together without identifying the cause of the pain and dysfunction, as is the case with other syndromes such as chronic fatigue syndrome and … Boundaries of Ischiorectal fossa. ... PowerPoint Presentation The fascial component of the flap - the dorsal thoracic fascia - can be harvested alone as a free fascial flap. Just like other parts of the body, the scapula also experiences pain and discomfort. Sonographically, this bony landmark is represented by a break in the supraspinous fossa line. 1.The deltoid 2.Supraspinatus 3.Infraspinatus 4.Teres minor 5.Subscapularis 6.Teres major Muscles Of The Scapular Region The deltoid: origin: The anterior border of lat 1/3 rd of clavicle The acromian Lower lip of the crest of spine of scapula Insertion: The deltoid tuberosity of humerus Nerve supply: Axillary nerve(c5,c6) The deltoid Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. Levator Scapulae Syndrome is an historical name for \"pain over the upper medial angle of the scapula\" (LoE 3B) that is still used in clinical practice in some places around the world. There are at least 4 diseases that are displayed by pain in the region of the right scapula: spasmodic gallbladder or ducts - occurs due to blockage of their stone. Background SCAPULAR ANATOMY The scapula (shoulder blade) is a flat , broad and triangular bone,lies obliquely over the Superficial muscles of back. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Scapular (scapulothoracic) motions during elevation of shoulder best described as protraction (ABD with upward rotation) Requires significant activity of sterno-clavicular as well as acromio-clavicular joint. Upper and lower subscapular nerves. Medial rotation of the arm Additional notes:-• The posterior scapular region also contains part of one additional muscle, the long head of the triceps brachii, which passes between the scapula and the proximal end of the forearm. A position of scapula depression will maintain the upper trapezius muscle region in a lengthened position, causing excessive strain. The scapular region lies on the posterior surface of the thoracic wall. There's more: Triangle of auscultation borders; Stabilisation of shoulder joint. The armpit and shoulder serve as the meeting place for the torso and arms, so major vessels close to … However, the scapula is integral to the movement of the shoulder via the rotator cuff and additional muscles. Download Scapula PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. T10 vertebral body involving post elements (Chance Fx), hemothorax. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3fdaa4-MTQ2N 6 What are the Boundaries and Contents of Intermuscular Spaces in the Scapular Region. Windows I: Triangle of Auscultation — Kaitlin Walsh Art. The direction of scapula in normal condition is downward and forward. Upper Limb_Pectoral Region,Scapular Region,Axilla & Brachial Plexus - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Neuro exam – normal. The scapular flap has become clinically popular because it provides a large area of fasciocutaneous tissue and is relatively straight forward to harvest. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. Origin. Subscapular fossa. This quiz will test your understanding of the muscles that make up the shoulder muscle group. Anatomy of pectoral region designed by me is related all anatomical aspect of Pectoral area in an easy way ; Medially: Levator ani above and sphincter ani externus below. ; Laterally: Obturator internus with obtrurator fascia above and ischial tubrosity below. Insertion: Action: Nerve Supply . 3) Propose a differential diagnosis of scapular injury. Medial rotation of humerus. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. 6.1 Quadrangular space; 6.2 Upper triangular space; 6.3 Lower triangular space; 7 Draw labeled diagram to show the anastomosis around scapula. The Regional Anatomy of the Upper limb Section 1 Introduction . ; Posteriorly: Lower border of gluteus maximus and sacrotuberous ligament. Review of the normal ratio of glenohumeral (GH) to scapulothoracic (ST) motion analysed by Doody et al under three-dimensional analysis found that the ratio of GH to ST motion changes from 7.3: 1 in the first 30° of elevation to 0.78: 1 between 90 and 150°. This strain could lead to peripheral nociceptive nerves sensitization in the affected area, changing the pressure pain threshold (PPT). Highest tubercle of greater tubercle. Some authors1–4 have argued that alterations in scapular positioning can have an effect on shoulder function. Scapular dyskinesis (which may also be referred to as SICK scapula syndrome) is an alteration or deviation in the normal resting or active position of the scapula during shoulder movement. Bagg and Forrest found a ratio of 4.4:1 during early phase, and 1.7:1 within 80 to 140° of shoulder elevation.Burkhart et al  has used the acronym SICK to refer to the syndrome associated … Supraspinous fossa. The muscles of the shoulder are associated with movements at the shoulder joint. Protracts & rotates . Thus, people with a faulty alig …. 2) Review the spectrum of findings of various disease processes involving the scapula. Lesser tubercle of humerus. Also, as pain in the left shoulder region, pain in the right shoulder region may be a symptom of various diseases. Supraspinatus. Medial border of scapula. Hope, you got a basic idea what is scapula and where it is located. The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum, make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton. Stabilizes . Gross Anatomy Image. The pectoral region is external to the anterior thoracic wall and anchors the upper limb to the trunk. First 30-45 degrees of elevation best described as the setting phase in terms of scapular motion as scapula … Okay, let’s continue to read to get better information about scapula … 4 Pectoral Region - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. FAST negative. For most people, the scapula moves in abnormal ways due to the repetitive use of the shoulder. There are a variety of reasons for scapular pain. Chest xray: non displaced right clavicle fx. What does the pectoral region consist of? This strain could lead to peripheral nociceptive nerves sensitization in the affected area, changing the pressure pain threshold (PPT). They produce the characteristic shape of the shoulder, and can be divided into two groups: scapula. Furthermore, scapular positioning is hypothesized to bear a direct relationship to scapular stability and the generation of muscular forces, because coordinated muscle patterns are believed to be requisite for normal glenohumeral joint function and muscle force production.5–8 Thus, most authors of texts consider the assessment of scapular position to be one part of a comprehensive approach to eval… the portion of the scapula that runs inferomedially from the infraglenoid tubercle to the … Name the structures that form boundaries of ischiorectal foss. ... Coracoid process of scapula. Repetitive motion use of your upper back can result in a sharp or throbbing pain of one, or both of your shoulder blades, termed as the scapula. scapular region: [TA] the area of the back corresponding to the outlines of the scapula. Scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two large bones of the shoulder girdle in vertebrates. A position of scapula depression will maintain the upper trapezius muscle region in a lengthened position, causing excessive strain. Scapula usually extends obliquely from the 4 th thoracic spine to ventral end of 1 st rib #5. Influence of scapular position on the pressure pain threshold of the upper trapezius muscle region. It is the one responsible for connecting collarbone at the front part of the body. A position of scapula depression will maintain the upper trapezius muscle region in a lengthened position, causing excessive strain. Neck - non tender with full ROM. Resources Moore K, Dalley A, Agur A. Clinically oriented anatomy. The Back and Scapular region - ppt download. The shoulder blade (scapula) is a flat triangular bone found in the upper back. 8 Enumerate the movements possible at scapulothoracic joint (movement of scapula) and the muscles responsible for them. Exam: Tenderness in the mid thoracic spine and right para-scapular region. Synonym(s): regio scapularis [TA] Stabilisation of shoulder joint. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. The shoulder plays a key role in the blood flow to the arms. This strain could lead to peripheral nociceptive nerves sensitization in the affected area, changing the pressure pain threshold (PPT). The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. It features consistent anatomy, a large pedicle and thick but pliable skin. 2. PPT - PTA 106 Fall 2008 Shoulder Joint PowerPoint ... Tumor in the Back | SpringerLink. Baltimore MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Physical #4. CT head – negative. Subscapularis. It may seem strange that it is included in the anatomy of the upper limb. 2010 •Duncan M, Lotze M, Gerber L, Rosenberg S. Incidence, recovery, and management of serratus anterior muscle palsy after axillary node dissection. T8 and T9 spinous processes scapula) Subscapular fossa Lesser tubercle Upper and lower subscapular nerves. 1) Describe the normal anatomy of the scapular region on US, MDCT and MRI imaging. Boundaries and Divisions In response to the demand for flexibility of the upper limb. At the suprascapular notch region, one can visualize the SSN within the scapular foramen (Figure 9). It is a frequent site for venipuncture to remove a sample of blood or add fluid to the blood The lymphatic drainage of upper limb Lymphatic vessels Superficial ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 42e19f-NDA3Y o The scapula is the base of support to shoulder joint and all movements of the upper extremity o Poor scapular stabilization can contribute to a variety of upper quadrant syndromes such as: shoulder impingement, shoulder instability, cervical strain, nerve entrapments, and muscle strains. 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