No historian doubts that this event took place. Today I continue the snippets of history ‘series’,with the presence of Anglo-Saxons in Byzantium. There is fairly full documentation from Byzantium itself and the accounts of the Anglo-Norman chronicler Orderic and the hagiographer Goscelin are not unknown. His final chapter contains an account of the Anglo-Saxon emigration to Byzantium after the Norman Conquest. It led to the founding of a ‘New England’ settlement of Anglo-Saxon exiles in the Crimea. The crisis in Anglo-Saxon state and society brought on by the Norman Conquest created an Anglo-Saxon emigration, part of which found refuge and employment in Byzantium. F ELL , A Note on Pálsbók , Medieval Scandinavia 6 (1973) 102-108. 181-189). Byzantine historians record the new arrivals as axe-bearing warriors, which fits with them being the House Carls or personal guards of Anglo-Saxon nobles. And They Called it England: Place-Naming and the Anglo-Saxon Emigration to Byzantium . Up until the Norman conquest of England, the Varangian guards consisted chiefly of Scandinavian and Kievan Rus' warriors. No historian doubts that this event took place. It led to the founding of a ‘New England’ settlement of Anglo-Saxon exiles in the Crimea. Emigration to Byzantium, Anglo-Saxon England 3 (1974) 179-196 (esp. Fell, 'The Icelandic saga of Edward the Confessor: its version of the Anglo-Saxon emigration to Byzantium', Anglo-Saxon England, 3 (1974), 179–96 at p. 193; A. Shchavelev, 'A seal of Byzantine "Translator of the English" Patrikios Sphen: its date and socio-cultural context', in H. Ivakin et al (eds. The reign of Charles the Great or Charlemagne is often referred to as a renaissance, a time when Western Europe sought recovery from the barbarian ravages that helped to transform Rome from an empire to a series of self-sufficient territories. By Rachel Anderson. This is a little-known but fascinating episode in British history known as the Anglo-Saxon emigration to Byzantium (Constantinople). Following the Conquest of 1066, the Anglo-Saxon English initially fought a resistance campaign against the new king William and his Norman invaders, but this proved unsuccessful. See also Ch. This is related to the Varangian Guard, and the ‘Swedes going South’, a previous post. Abstract. These pagan ravages had not ended when Charlemagne was crowned King of the Romans by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day in AD 800. as the Anglo-Saxon emigration to Byzantium (Constantinople). The Varangian Guard became the personal guard of the Emperor and the Anglo-Saxon contingent became the dominant part of the unity. 21 His final chapter contains an account of the Anglo-Saxon emigration to Byzantium after the Norman Conquest. ‘The formal date for the introduction of the Varangian Guard to the Byzantine military establishment is widely considered to be the year 988 . 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